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Vårdpersonalens kunskap, attityder och bemötande i vården av demenssjuka personer
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vårdpersonals kunskaper, attityder och bemötande i vården av dementa i äldresjukvården.

Metod: En deskriptiv kvalitativ studie genomfördes med sju semi-strukturerade intervjuer med åtta deltagare från äldreboenden i Jönköpings län. Intervjuerna spelades in och bearbeta-des med innehållsanalys.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom att intervjupersonernas personliga erfarenheter av demenssjukdom påverkade deras förståelse för anhöriga till demenssjuka. Vårdpersonalen ansåg att anhörigas kunskaper och åsikter var viktiga. Aktiviteter anpassades efter de demenssjukas förmågor och intressen. Vikten av att se personen bakom sjukdomen betonades, detta var svårt vid tids- och personalbrist. Bra bemötande ansågs bestå av respekt, lugn och tålamod. När de demenssjuka blev aggressiva och oroliga användes lugnt bemötande, närhet, avledning och personcentrerad vård, hellre än lugnande läkemedel.

Slutsats: God kunskap och bra attityder är grunden i bemötandet av demenssjuka, men tids- och personalbrist kan försvåra vården. Det är viktigt med individanpassade aktiviteter och ökad anhörigkunskap. Vidare studier inom ämnet behövs.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate health care professional’s knowledge, attitudes towards and interaction with people with dementia in elderly care.

Method: A qualitative descriptive study. Seven semi-structured interviews with eight partici-pants from nursing homes in Jönköping County were conducted. The interviews were record-ed and a content analyze was used.

Results: Personal experiences of dementia among staff affected their comprehension of the relatives’ situation. The staff considered the relatives’ knowledge and opinions to be important. Activities were adjusted to suit the abilities and interests of the individuals with dementia. The importance of seeing the person behind the disease was emphasized, which was considered difficult due to lack of time and staff. Respect, calmness and patience were considered to be important factors to create good interaction between individuals with dementia and caring staff. Calmness, closeness, diversion of attention and personalized care were used in situations when individuals with dementia got aggressive or anxious, rather than tranquilizing medicines.

Conclusion: Adequate knowledge and attitudes are fundamental in the interaction between individuals with dementia and caring staff. Lack of time and staff may affect the care in a negative way. It is important with individualized activities and an increased knowledge among relatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
dementia, knowledge, interaction, care staff
Keyword [sv]
demens, kunskap, bemötande, vårdpersonal
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174535OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-174535DiVA: diva2:527623
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-22 Created: 2012-05-21 Last updated: 2012-05-22Bibliographically approved

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