Electricity access for human development in the Brazilian Amazon
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Electricity access is widely recognized as a driver of development. The Brazilian government has incorporated this principle into its national rural electrification program, Luz Para Todos (LPT – Light for all), which has already benefited more than 14 million people in the country since its inception in 2003. But a different electrification model is required if remote areas in the Amazon region are to fully benefit from the program.
In general, LPT has been implemented through a grid-based technology. However, the program has been less successful in providing electricity access in the Amazon region. In this region, about 24% of the rural population has no access to electricity. Key challenges are related to the exhaustion of the grid-extension model in isolated areas. Extending the grid in these areas is neither realistic because of the local topography and natural conditions, nor cost-effective because expensive investments would be required to benefit a small number of citizens with low income and consumption rates.
This study suggests an adapted LPT model for delivering electricity access in isolated areas of the Amazon region. In particular, the study offers a policy maker perspective and details the specific needs of isolated communities. It was developed in the form of a case study and included a variety of data sources, gathering techniques and analysis approaches, including an extensive literature review, the collection of in-situ evidence through direct observations and semi- structured interviews.
Conclusions draw attention to the need for more local and site-specific solutions. Three issues will be decisive in achieving universal, reliable and affordable access to electricity in the Amazon region. Firstly, harmonization with the regional context is essential as the Amazon is a vast and unique environment. Secondly, there is need for adapting the existing institutional structures to appreciate the conditions and specific needs of rural populations in the Amazon region. Thirdly, securing financial resource allocation and distribution will be decisive in a LPT model aimed at universal electrification in the Amazon.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH , 2012. , xviii, 71 p.
, TRITA-ECS, 2012:01
Electricity access, human development, Amazon region
Research subject SRA - Energy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-95208ISBN: 978-91-7501-400-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-95208DiVA: diva2:527196
2012-06-05, Sal M263, Brinellvägen 68, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Ilskog, Elisabeth, Dr.
Silveira, Semida, Professor
QC 201205312012-05-312012-05-182013-04-18Bibliographically approved
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