Effect of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy on Endothelium-Dependent Vasodilatation in the Cutaneous Microvasculature
2012 (English)In: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, ISSN 0147-8389, E-ISSN 1540-8159, Vol. 35, no 4, 377-384 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves hemodynamic parameters, exercise capacity, symptoms, functional status, and prognosis among patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The role of the vascular endothelium in these improvements is largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the endothelium-dependent reactivity of the peripheral microcirculation improves in CHF patients during the first 2 months of CRT. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: We used local heating and iontophoresis of acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) to measure endothelial function and smooth muscle function in the cutaneous microvasculature of 11 CHF patients before and 2 months after CRT. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: We found that the perfusion response in the skin to local heating was increased 2 months postCRT compared with baseline, both in terms of maximum perfusion (baseline: 113 [90-137] vs 2-months post-CRT: 137 [98-175], P = 0.037) and area under curve (baseline: 1,601 [935-2,268] vs 2-months CRT: 2,205 [1,654-2,757], P = 0.047). Also, the perfusion response to iontophoresis of ACh was improved (Emax: 23.9 [20.6-26.2] vs at 2-months CRT: 31.2 [29.3-33.4], P = 0.005). No difference was found between the responses to SNP before and after CRT. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion: These results show that CRT improves endothelium-dependent vasodilatory capacity in the peripheral microcirculation within 2 months of therapy. The improvement in functional capacity that is seen in patients treated with CRT may, therefore, be in part mediated by an improvement of endothelium-dependent vasodilatory capacity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2012. Vol. 35, no 4, 377-384 p.
heart failure, biventricular pacing, endothelium, microcirculation
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77334DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2011.03313.xISI: 000302540300011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77334DiVA: diva2:526322
Funding Agencies|Medtronic NL B.V., Heerlen, the Netherlands||Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases (CoRPS), Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, the Netherlands||2012-05-112012-05-112012-06-07