Electrochemical Measurements of Salivary Amylase Activity
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Stress constitutes a more and more common cause for many health disorders inmodern society. Salivary -amylase (AA), the most abundant enzyme in humanwhole saliva, has in recent years been found to be a good surrogate biomarker formonitoring stress levels in individuals. This work aims to form the foundation ofa novel approach for measuring the activity of the enzyme in saliva samples bymeans of electrochemistry. The idea is to implement several enzymes along witha starch substrate and an electron mediator in a single system. This system isthen to be coated onto a screen-printed electrode (SPE), which is used along withan electrical component, designed to give rise to a quantifiable, electrical signalwhen the starch is broken down by the AA contained in an added saliva sample.Several such enzyme systems are here qualitatively evaluated. As electron mediator,ferro-/ferricyanide is used. Two different enzymes, glucose oxidase (GOx) andpyrroloquinoline quinone dependent glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ-GDH), are testedfor making up the saccharide oxidising part of the system. Both prove themselvescapable in terms of qualitatively giving rise to an electrical signal. But, in terms ofinternal quantitative comparisons between the two, no practical experiments areperformed in this work. In some runs, the enzyme -glucosidase (AG) is used asan intermediate for breaking down the AA/starch oligosaccharide products intomonosaccharides. This to increase the system’s electrical signal output when usingGOx as oxidising agent. Regrettably, due to lack of AG enzyme, these runs do notprovide any conclusive data, and so further investigations of systems including thisenzyme are needed. Otherwise, all systems tested seem to work, and neither ofthem appear better than the others. Therefore, all of them will require furtherquantitative testing to determine which one is best to implement in the final designof the enzyme system to be applied onto the SPE.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 53 p.
amylase, screen-printed electrode, amperometry
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77275ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX-12/2577-SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77275DiVA: diva2:526078
Subject / course
2012-05-02, Jordan - Fermi, Fysikhuset, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Turner, Anthony, Professor
Winquist, Fredrik, Professor