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L1CAM from human melanoma carries a novel type of N-glycan with Galβ1-4Galβ1- motif: Involvement of N-linked glycans in migratory and invasive behaviour of melanoma cells
Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.
Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.
Department of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Biotechnological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Italy .
Department of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Biotechnological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Italy.
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2013 (English)In: Glycoconjugate Journal, ISSN 0282-0080, E-ISSN 1573-4986, Vol. 30, no 3, 205-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dramatic changes in glycan biosynthesis during oncogenic transformation result in the emergence of marker glycans on the cell surface. We analysed the N- linked glycans of L1CAM from different stages of melanoma progression, using high-performance liquid chromatography combined with exoglycosidase sequencing, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and lectin probes. L1CAM oligosaccharides are heavily sialylated, mainly digalactosylated, biantennary complex-type structures with galactose β1-4/3-linked to GlcNAc and with or without fucose α1-3/6-linked to GlcNAc. Hybrid, bisected hybrid, bisected triantennary and tetraantennary complex oligosaccharides, and β1-6-branched complex-type glycans with or without lactosamine extensions are expresses at lower abundance. We found that metastatic L1CAM possesses only α2-6-linked sialic acid and the loss of α2-3-linked sialic acid in L1CAM is a phenomenon observed during the transition of melanoma cells from VGP to a metastatic stage. Unexpectedly, we found a novel monoantennary complex-type oligosaccharide with a Galβ1-4Galβ1- epitope capped with sialic acid residues A1[3]G(4)2S 2-3 . To our knowledge this is the first report documenting the presence of this oligosaccharide in human cancer. The novel and unique N- glycan should be recognised as a new class of human melanoma marker. In functional tests we demonstrated that the presence of cell surface α2-3-linked sialic acid facilitates the migratory behaviour and increases the invasiveness of primary melanoma cells, and it enhances the motility of metastatic cells. The presence of cell surface α2-6-linked sialic acid enhances the invasive potential of both primary and metastatic melanoma cells. Complex-type oligosaccharides in L1CAM enhance the invasiveness of metastatic melanoma cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2013. Vol. 30, no 3, 205-225 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-173876DOI: 10.1007/s10719-012-9374-5ISI: 000316750800002OAI: diva2:525479
Available from: 2012-05-09 Created: 2012-05-08 Last updated: 2013-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Artemenko, Konstantin ABergquist, Jonas
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