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Upplevelse, livskvalitet och stöd från sjuksköterskor: en litteraturstudie om fatigue hos personer med MS
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Var att öka förståelsen för upplevelsen av fatigue hos personer med MS och fatigues inverkan på livskvaliteten samt hur sjuksköterskan kan stödja och hjälpa personer med MS i vardagen.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design. Artiklarna (n=15) söktes fram i databaserna Medline via PubMed och Cinahl samt manuell sökning via referenslistor, sex stycken kvalitativa, åtta kvantitativa och en med en kombination av båda ansatser.

Resultat: Det framkom att fatigue hos personer med MS var ett osynligt symtom som påverkade kroppen, led till begränsningar i vardagen, förvärrade andra symtom och led till sociala förändringar. Personer som led av fatigue hade lägre livskvalitet än den övriga befolkningen. Resultatet visade vilket stöd personer med MS önskade från sjuksköterskor. Personerna med MS hittade egna strategier för att hantera och lindra fatigue, ofta utan att ta hjälp av sjuksköterskor.

Slutsats: Fatigue hos personer med MS var ett besvärligt symtom som påverkade deras vardag och sänkte deras livskvalitet. Eftersom fatigue var ett osynligt symtom behöver det uppmärksammas av sjuksköterskor. Mer forskning behövs i hur fatigue hos personer med MS ska behandlas samt hur sjuksköterskor på bästa sätt kan stödja personer med MS att hantera och lindra fatigue i deras vardag.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: was to increase understanding of the experience of fatigue in people with MS and fatigues impact on quality of life and how the nurse can support and help people with MS in their everyday life.

Method: Literature review with a descriptive design. Articles (n=15) were retrieved from Medline via PubMed and Cinahl and manual reference lists, six qualitative, eight quantitative and one with a combination of both approaches.

Findings: it was found that fatigue in people with MS was an invisible symptom, lead to limitations in their everyday life, increased other symptoms and lead to social changes. People suffering from fatigue had lower quality of life than the general population. The findings showed what kind of support people with MS wanted from nurses. People with MS found their own strategies to manage and relieve fatigue, often without help from nurses.

Conclusion: Fatigue in people with MS was a troublesome symptom which affected their everyday life and lowered their quality of life. Since fatigue was an invisible symptom it should be approached by nurses. More research is needed about how fatigue in people with MS should be treated and how nurses can best support people with MS to manage and relieve fatigue in their everyday life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Multiple sclerosis, quality of life, fatigue, experience, nurse
Keyword [sv]
Multipel skleros, livskvalitet, fatigue, upplevelse, sjuksköterska
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-11823Archive number: SSKHk09-26OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-11823DiVA: diva2:525392
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-14 Created: 2012-05-07 Last updated: 2012-05-14Bibliographically approved

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