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The Asian monsoon - 50-7 ka BP
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Asian monsoon is one of the largest climatic systems on Earth. It covers an area from the Arabian Sea to the South China Sea and from northern Australia to northern China with the world’s highest population density. Moreover, the Asian monsoon transports heat energy and humidity to higher latitudes. In order to better understand the behaviour of the Asian monsoon and its environmental impact, its variability between 50 and 7 ka BP is analysed using paleo-data compilation, data-model comparisons, and lake sediment analysis.

The main results presented here are from the compilation of the Asian monsoon variability during the last glacial maximum (LGM) (23 - 19 ka BP) which is presumed to be under persistence cool and dry climatic conditions. The pattern of reconstructed and simulated precipitation agrees well in most of the region. However, the data-model discrepancies show in some areas, which may come from low resolution of the model or the local topographic effect. The reconstructed SSTs are well correlation with simulated SSTs, except in the Arabian Sea. The LGM Asian monsoon changes around 20 – 19 ka BP. The simulated ITCZ varies between 5°N and 15°N in the west and the east of the Asian monsoon region. However, the reconstructed ITCZ is ~5°N in the Arabian Sea, shifts northward in the Bay of Bengal, reaches ~30°N over central of China and migrates southward in the South China Sea. The ITCZ is likely shift northward after 20 ka BP. The climatic change might have been triggered by several factors, e.g., an increased land-sea thermal contrast and a variation of Pacific water inflow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2012. , 121 p.
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75974OAI: diva2:525319
2012-05-30, Nordenskiöldsalen hall, geosciences house, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2012-05-08 Created: 2012-05-07 Last updated: 2012-05-08Bibliographically approved

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