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Sociala och mediala orsaker påverkar utvecklingen av Anorexia Nervosa bland unga kvinnor: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Social and media reasons to the development of Anorexia Nervosa among young women : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: Psykisk ohälsa bland unga kvinnor är ett folkhälsoproblem. Anorexia nervosa kategoriseras in som en psykisk sjukdom. Anorexia nervosa drabbar främst unga kvinnor, vilket exempelvis kan bero på tidigare händelser i livet som gett upphov till psykisk obalans i deras vardag. SYFTE: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka sociokulturella orsaker som bidrar till utvecklingen av Anorexia nervosa bland flickor och unga kvinnor i åldrarna 12-25 år. METOD: En literaturstudie utfördes, som baseras på 21 olika vetenskapliga artiklar. Databaserna som användes var pubmed och psycinfo. Temaanalys användes och artiklarna kategoriserades in i huvudteman och underteman. RESULTAT: Resultatet i studien delades in i två huvudkategorier, med två underkategorier vardera. Sociala orsaker till uppkomsten av Anorexia nervosa: skola och ungdomskultur, samt bristande familjerelationer. Mediala orsaker till uppkomsten av Anorexia nervosa: exponering av unga kvinnors idealkroppar och negativ inspiration på internet. Olika orsaker bidrar till utvecklingen av Anorexia nervosa. Sociokulturella orsaker, mediala orsaker, familjära orsaker och kulturella orsaker samspelar och bidrar tillsammans till en utveckling av sjukdomen. IMPLIKATION: Exempelvis kan man studera de olika orsakerna på en mer specifik nivå och studera varje enskild orsak för sig. Studien kan också användas som en form av inspiration som stärker betydelsen av att hälsofrämjande åtgärder för psykisk ohälsa sätts i fokus.

Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Mental illness among young woman is a public health problem. Anorexia nervosa is categorized as a mental illness. Young woman affected by Anorexia nervosa, wich for example may be due to earlier life events that gave rise to mental imbalance in their everyday lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-cultural reasons that contribute to the development of Anorexia nervosa among girls and young women 12-25 years. METHOD: The study is a literature review, based on 21 differens aricles. The method has been to look up earlier research in the area through various databases on the internet. Databases that have been used is pubmed and psycinfo. The articles were divided into different themes, with main category and subcategory. RESULTS: The results of the study was divided into two main categories each with two subcategories. Social causes for the occurrence of Anorexia nervosa: School and youth culture and the second was lack of family relationship. Media reasons in the emergence of Anorexia nervosa: Media image of the feminine ideal and negative inspiration on the internet. Socio-cultural reasons, medial reasons, family reasons, and cultural reasons. IMPLICATION: For example, one can study the various reason in a more specific level, and studying each factors separately. The study can also be used as a form of inspiration that reinforces the importance of health promotion activities for mental illness is the focus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Anorexia nervosa, Familial factors, Medial factors, Mental illness, Sociocultural factors
Keyword [sv]
Anorexia nervosa, Familjära orsaker, Mediala orsaker, Psykisk ohälsa, Sociokulturella orsaker
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-17609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-17609DiVA: diva2:525282
Subject / course
Public Health
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-05 Created: 2012-05-07 Last updated: 2012-06-05Bibliographically approved

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