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Anestesisjuksköterskors upplevelser av sin fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljö
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Health care is increasingly complex, which increases the demand for knowledge and expertise. Despite this, the share of specialized nurses, including anaesthesia nurses, has decreased from 65% to 48% from year 1995 to year 2008, according to statistics from the National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) in 2010. Studies indicate that there may be various factors in the work environment that anaesthesia nurses, choose to leave the anaesthesia profession. The purpose of this study was to examine how anaesthesia nurses experienced the physical and psychosocial work. The study was conducted as a descriptive study with qualitative approach. The question guide consisted of semistructured questions relevant to the purpose of the study. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using manifest content analysis. A total of 20 anaesthesia nurses from five Central Swedish hospitals of varying size were interviewed. Anaesthesia nurses' physical and psychosocial work environment includes many stressors such as physical hard work in confined spaces, production and fulfillment, requirements and lack of control, varying relations to managers, hierarchies, team work, a lot of responsibilities, including supervision of students. The deep interest in the work, and the experience of doing an important work, offsetting to a minor part the anaesthesia nurses' work environment's negative expressions, and was a driving force to continue to work on.

The results of this study should be supported by further research and investigate both the psychosocial and physical work environment for anaesthesia nurses and the impact on their psychosocial health.

Abstract [sv]

Sjukvården blir alltmer komplex, vilket ökar kraven på kunskap och specialistkompetens. Trots detta har andelen specialistutbildade sjuksköterskor, däribland anestesisjuksköterskor enligt statistik från Socialstyrelsen 2010, minskat från 65% till 48% åren 1995-2008. Studier indikerar att det kan finnas faktorer i arbetsmiljön som gör att anestesisjuksköterskor av olika orsaker väljer att lämna anestesiyrket. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur anestesisjuksköterskor upplevde sin fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljö. Studien genomfördes som en deskriptiv studie med kvalitativ ansats. Frågeguiden bestod av semistrukturerade frågor relevanta för studiens syfte. Intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades med manifest innehållsanalys. Totalt intervjuades 20 anestesisjuksköterskor från fem mellansvenska sjukhus av varierande storlek. Anestesisjuksköterskors vardag som innebar hårt fysiskt arbete i begränsade utrymmen, höga produktionskrav, bristande kontroll, varierande förhållande till chefer, hierarkier, teamarbete, handledning av studenter och mycket ansvar för patienten var en bra grogrund för stress. Det djupa intresset för arbetet, och upplevelsen av att vara betydelsefull, uppvägde till viss del anestesisjuksköterskornas arbetsmiljös negativa yttringar, och var en drivkraft att arbeta vidare.    

Resultatet av denna studie bör styrkas med ytterligare forskning med syfte att undersöka både den fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljön för anestesisjuksköterskor, då resultat visar att fysiska faktorer även ger utslag på den psykosociala hälsan. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , p. 46
Keywords [sv]
Psychosocial work environment, physical work environment, nurse anaesthetist, anaesthesia clinic, demands and control, stress, content analysis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-173780OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-173780DiVA, id: diva2:525156
Subject / course
Public Health
Educational program
Master Programme in Public Health
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-07 Created: 2012-05-07 Last updated: 2012-05-07Bibliographically approved

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