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De utsatta skolbarnen: Sambandet mellan mobbning och psykosomatiska symtom - en registerstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The vulnerable schoolchildren : The relationship between bullying and psychosomatic symptoms – a registry study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Mobbning utgör ett allvarligt problem i svenska skolor. Huvudvärk, magont, ryggont, nacksmärtor och trötthet är frekventa psykosomatiska symtom hos elever utsatta för mobbning. En viktig uppgift för skolsköterskan kan vara förebyggandet av mobbning. Syfte: var att studera om det finns samband mellan upplevelsen av att vara utsatt för mobbning och förekomst av psykosomatiska symtom hos skolbarn i årskurs 5 och 7.

Metod: Studien var en tvärsnittsstudie utifrån registerdata inhämtad från Folkhälsoinstitutet. I studien ingick totalt 7596 svenska skolbarn i åldern 11 och 13 år. Materialet analyserades bivariat och med multivariata regressionsmodeller. Resultat: Skolbarn som upplevde sig mobbade visade sig ha fler psykosomatiska symtom än skolbarn som inte var mobbade (OR= 2.73). Flickor hade fler psykosomatiska symtom än pojkar (OR= 1.76). Skolbarn i årskurs 7 hade fler psykosomatiska än barnen i årskurs 5 (OR=2.73).  Skolbarn som var stressade av skolarbetet uppvisade fler psykosomatiska symtom (OR= 3.38). Flickor var mindre ofta mobbade än pojkar. (OR= 0.86).  Skolbarn som ej trivdes i skolan var oftare utsatta för mobbning än elever som trivdes i skolan (OR=1.52).   Slutsats: Mobbning och stress av skolarbetet utgör en fara för skolbarns hälsa. Skolbarn som blir mobbade trivs även sämre i skolan.  

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Bullying is a serious problem in Swedish schools. Headache, stomachache, back pain and tiredness are frequent psychosomatic symptoms. An important task for the school nurse may be the prevention of bullying. Aim: was to study potential links between the experience of being the victim of bullying and the occurrence of psychosomatic symptoms among school children in grades 5 and 7. Method: The study was a cross sectional study based on register data was obtained from the Folkhälsoinstitutet. This study included a total of 7596 schoolchildren between the ages of 11 and 13 years. Material was analysed with bivariate and multivariate regression models. Results: Schoolchildren who felt bullied were found to have more psychosomatic symptoms than schoolchildren who were not bullied. (OR= 2.73). The girls had more psychosomatic symptoms than boys. (OR= 1.76). Schoolchildren in grades 7 had more psychosomatic symptoms than children in grade 5. (OR=2.73). Schoolchildren that were stressed by school work showed more psychosomatic symptoms. (OR= 3.38). The girls were less often bullied than boys. (OR=0.86). School children who are not happy in school were more often exposed to bullying than students who enjoyed school. (OR=1.52). Conclusion: Bullying and stress of schoolwork is a danger to school children’s health. School children who are bullied feel even worse in school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
School children, school nurse, bullying, psychosomatic symptoms
Keyword [sv]
skolbarn, skolsköterska, mobbning, psykosomatiska symtom
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9260OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9260DiVA: diva2:525115
Educational program
Graduate diploma in primary health care specialist nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-07 Created: 2012-05-06 Last updated: 2012-05-07Bibliographically approved

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