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Marriage, childbearing, and migration in Kyrgyzstan: Exploring interdependences
Max Planck Institute for Demograpic Research. (Laboratory of Contemporary European Fertility and Famil Dynamics)
Arizona State University. (School of Social and Family Dynamics)
2010 (English)In: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 22, no 7, 159-188 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we investigate interdependences between entry into a marital union, childbearing, and migration. We apply event-history techniques to retrospective data on women aged 18-29 from a survey conducted in northern Kyrgyzstan in 2005 to examine how these events can influence one another, with a special focus on the effects of duration of exposure. In our analysis, we account for several duration dependences (‘clocks’). The results illustrate that months since marriage formation is the most important duration variable in the first-birth propensities model. Out-of-wedlock conception is associated with increased marriage risks prior to the childbirth. Migration is often a part of the family-formation process: High first-birth propensities of recent migrants, as well as high migration risks among pregnant women, are due to marriage-related migration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rostock · GERMANY, 2010. Vol. 22, no 7, 159-188 p.
Keyword [en]
marriage, childbearing, migration, interdependences, Kyrgyzstan
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75891DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.7OAI: diva2:524613
Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Demographic Journeys along the Silk Road: Marriage, Childbearing, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demographic Journeys along the Silk Road: Marriage, Childbearing, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis contributes to the limited demographic literature on Central Asia – the region through which led the great Silk Road – an ancient route of trade and cultural exchange between East and West. We focus on Kyrgyzstan and countries in its immediate neighborhood: Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. We analyze the dynamic interplay between marriage, childbearing, and migration, and examine fertility intentions and intentions to migrate as predictors of demographic outcomes. The thesis consists of four co-authored and one single-authored paper connected through a common theme of ethno-cultural differences in demographic behavior. In the first three studies, we explore the link between migration and family formation. We demonstrate that increased fertility of recent migrants is attributable to marriage-related resettlements. In paper four, we provide an analysis of intentions to move abroad. Our results suggest that ethnicity plays a significant role, independent of other factors, in determining migration plans and preferences, and detect ethnic-specific effects of marriage, childbearing, and social capital on the inclination to migrate. In paper five, we compare the fertility and fertility intentions of ethnic majority and minority groups in three neighboring countries of the region. We explain fertility differentials between ethnic groups in terms of the combined effects of their status in society, country-level differences in institutional settings, and historical and cultural factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2012. 9 p.
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 7
marriage, childbearing, migration, ethno-cultural differences, Kyrgyzstan
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociological Demography
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75723 (URN)978-91-86071-93-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-09-21, hörsal 4, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 15:00 (English)

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Manuscript.

Available from: 2012-05-29 Created: 2012-04-25 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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