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Brinn för friluftsliv!: En kvalitativ studie om friluftsundervisning.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"A burning interest in outdoor education!" : A qualitative study of outdoor education. (English)
Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of this interview study was to examine how PE teachers related to factors (ramfaktorer) affecting the implementation of outdoor recreation in school.

Method

We conducted a qualitative interview study with six PE teachers in the Stockholm area. These were selected after all the PE teachers in Stockholm were contacted via e-mail. In the e-mail they declared the number of outdoordays (friluftsdagar) conducted at their school, for grades four, five and six. The selection was carried out in that we chose the PE teachers who declared the most and least number of outdoor days. After the transcription of the interviews we divided the teachers in to two groups, based on the width of outdoor activities in their teaching. To analyze the results, we have assumed the factors the PE teachers had to relate to in their outdoor education.

Results

The result of the survey showed that there are several factors affecting the performance of outdoor education in schools. But the decisive factor for outdoor activities conducted at the school included in the study was the PE teachers' personal attitude and commitment to outdoor recreation. The study showed that success factors for a wide outdoor education has been that the PE teachers, included in this study, had support from management and other personnel at their school, when they planned and performed outdoor activities.

The study also showed that the schools that had the greatest variety of outdoor activities focused more on experience-based outdoor recreation, such as camping activities, canoeing and making campfires. This in contrast to the schools with a smaller width of outdoor activities, who put the activity in focus in their outdoor education, for example orientation, skating and skiing.

Conclusion

Although there are difficulties in the implementation of outdoor recreation in schools, particularly in inner city schools, we found that factors such as economics and geography play a subordinate role in relation to PE teachers’ commitment and attitude towards outdoor recreation. For a more equal outdoor education among Swedish schools, we believe that a possible solution might be to centrally control the content of outdoor activities, in terms of guidelines in the curricula for physical education and health.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Syftet med intervjustudien var att studera hur idrottslärare förhöll sig till de ramfaktorer som påverkar genomförandet av friluftsliv i skolan.

Metod

Vi har utfört en intervjustudie med sex idrottslärare i stockholmsområdet. Dessa valdes ut efter det att alla idrottslärare på grundskolor i Stockholms stad kontaktats via e-mail. I e-mailet angav de antalet friluftsdagar som bedrevs på deras skola, för årskurserna fyra, fem och sex. Urvalet genomfördes genom att vi valde de idrottslärare som angav flest respektive minst antal friluftsdagar. Efter att intervjuerna transkriberats, delades lärarna in i två grupper, baserat på bredden av friluftsaktivteter i deras undervisning. För att analysera resultaten, har vi utgått ifrån de ramfaktorer idrottslärare har att förhålla sig till i sin friluftsundervisning.

Resultat

Resultatet av undersökningen visar attdet finns flera ramfaktorer som påverkar utförandet av friluftsundervisningen i skolan. Men den avgörande faktorn, för hur friluftsliv bedrevs på skolorna som ingått i studien, var idrottslärarens personliga attityd och engagemang för friluftsliv.

De framgångsfaktorerför en bred friluftsundervisningsom framkommit i studien har varit att idrottslärarna har haft stöd från ledning och övrig personal på skolan, då de planerat och utfört friluftsaktiviteter.

Studien visar även att de skolor som hade den största variationen av friluftsaktiviteter, fokuserade mer på upplevelsebaserat friluftsliv, till exempel lägerverksamhet, paddling och göra upp eld. Detta i motsats till de skolor med en mindre bredd av friluftsaktivteter, vilka lade fokus på friluftsundervisning med aktiviteten i fokus, till exempelorientering, skridsko- och skidåkning.

Slutsats

Trots att det finns svårigheter i genomförandet av friluftsliv i skolan, framförallt i innerstadsskolor. Har vi i denna studie sett att faktorer som ekonomi, geografiskt läge etcetera spelar en underordnad roll i förhållande till idrottslärarens engagemang och attityd till friluftsliv.

För att friluftsundervisningen ska bli mer likvärdig i Sveriges skolor, tror vi att ett sätt kan vara att centralt styra innehållet av friluftsliv i skolan, i form av riktlinjer i kursplanerna för idrott och hälsa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Series
Examensarbete, 2011:164
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2280OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2280DiVA: diva2:524563
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-09 Created: 2012-05-02 Last updated: 2012-05-09Bibliographically approved

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