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Personers upplevelse av livskvalitet efter amputation: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur personer som genomgått amputation upplever sin livskvalitet. Den deskriptiva litteraturstudien baserades på 14 vetenskapliga artiklar med både kvantitativ och kvalitativ ansats. Litteratursökningarna utfördes i databaserna Medline (via PubMed) samt CINAHL. Huvudresultatet visade att amputation påverkade individerna utifrån ett fysiskt, psykisk och socialt perspektiv. Vanliga faktorer som påverkade livskvaliteten negativt var smärta och svårigheter med mobiliseringen. Ångest, depression och minskad självkänsla var förekommande psykiska problem. Svårigheter i att anpassa sig till den nya identiteten och social isolering var vanligt förekommande problem. Användandet av protes gjorde att känslan av att vara normal, och den fysiska förmågan att klara av aktiviteter i det dagliga livet, återkom. Den sociala anpassningen och relationer till familj och omgivning blev negativt förändrad efter amputationen. Individerna lärde sig att anpassa sig i sociala situationer vilket lindrade negativa känslor och osäkerhet. Sociala relationer upplevdes som viktiga för att få stöd och uppmuntran i rehabiliteringen samt minimera negativa känslor. Litteraturstudiens slutsats belyste vikten av att sjuksköterskan har kunskap om vanligt förekommande komplikationer som kan påverka livskvaliteten, detta för att kunna bearbeta eventuella problem innan de uppstår.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the literature review was to describe how people who have undergone amputation perceive their quality of life. The descriptive literature study was based on 14 scientific articles with both quantitative and qualitative approach. The literature searches were carried out in the databases Medline (via PubMed) and CINAHL. The main results showed that amputation affected individuals from a physical, mental and social perspective. Common factors that affected the quality of life negatively were pain and difficulty with the mobilization. Anxiety, depression and decreased self-esteem were common mental health problems. Difficulties in adjusting to the new identity and social isolation were common problems. The use of prosthesis gave the feeling of being normal and the physical ability to handle activities in daily life. The social adjustment and relationships with family and personal surroundings was negatively changed after the amputation. The individuals learned to adapt in social situations which eased the negative emotions and uncertainty. Social relationships were experienced as important for support and encouragement in the rehabilitation and minimize the negative emotions. The conclusion highlighted the importance of the nurse's knowledge about common complications that can affect quality of life, in order to deal with problems before they occur.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Quality of life, amputation, experience, adaptation
Keyword [sv]
Livskvalitet, amputation, upplevelser, anpassning
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-11806Archive number: SSKHk09-19OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-11806DiVA: diva2:524340
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-02 Created: 2012-05-01 Last updated: 2012-05-02Bibliographically approved

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