Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Friidrottsungdomars fysiska kapacitet över tid: En retrospektiv studie av intagningstesterna vid friidrottsgymnasiet i Växjö mellan åren 1982 – 2009
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Today when leisure time is spent, spontaneous sports activities decrease, due to a more comfortable way of living and physical capacity among non active adolescents decreases. There for it´s interesting to see how the physical capacity level has changed over time among young people participating in organized leisure time sports.

Studies around the world show that young people standing outside organized sport activities have tended to decrease their physical activity levels over the last few decades. Less leisure time is spent doing physical activity and sometimes gets put into context with increased time spent behind the computer or inactivity.

Design: A retrospective study of the test results on physical capacity between 1982 and 2009 for students applying to Växjö track and field high school. A total of 635 students (15 years old) have done 11 physical tests during the years. Five of these tests, with enough participants (at least 100) and documentation over at least 10 years, were used in this study.

Results: This study shows that young track and field athletes have maintained the same physical capacity from 1982 to 2009. Among boys strength endurance has increased slightly (P<0.03), while the maximum strength (P<0.01) and speed (P<0.02) marginally declined. Among girls no trends can be seen in either direction. 

Conclusions: Due to decreased physical capacity among teens standing outside organized sport activities, it is interesting to see that well trained teens maintained their physical capacity over the same period of time, the last 30 years.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: De senaste 30 åren har det synts en tydlig trend i samhället av sjunkande fysisk kapacitet bland ungdomar som står utanför det organiserade idrottandet. Studier runt om i världen visar att trenden är likartad överallt. Orsaken tros vara minskad spontanidrott och rörelse bland ungdomar samtidigt som vissa studier sätter detta i samband med ökad datoranvändning och inaktivitet. Idrottsaktiva ungdomar inom föreningsidrotten har inte som grupp undersökts lika frekvent och det är då intressant att se hur den fysiska kapaciteten sett ut över tid hos dessa ungdomar.

Metod: Totalt 635 personer (15 år gamla) genomgick 11 fysiska antagningstester vid friidrottsgymnasiet i Växjö mellan åren 1982 – 2009. Fem tester uppfyllde inklusionskriterierna gällande dokumentation över minst tio år samt ett minimiantal av 100 testpersoner. Testerna som analyserades var: flygande 30m, stående 5-steg, stillastående längdhopp, framåtkast kula och plinthopp.

Resultat: Resultaten visar att friidrottsungdomarna haft en väldigt jämn fysisk kapacitet över alla teståren. Styrkeuthålligheten bland pojkarna har ökat något (P<0.03) medan den maximala styrkan (P<0.01) och snabbheten (P<0.02) marginellt minskat, samtidigt som flickornas resultat inte pendlat åt något håll vad gäller den fysiska kapaciteten.

Konklusion: Den här studien visar att tränade friidrottsungdomar i 15-åråldern har haft en väldigt jämn fysisk kapacitet de senast 28 åren, vilket kan jämföras med jämnåriga ungdomar utanför föreningslivet som stadigt visat en sjunkande fysisk kapacitet under samma tidsperiod.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 22 p.
Keyword [sv]
ungdomar, fysisk kapacitet, över tid, friidrott
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-18485OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-18485DiVA: diva2:523869
Subject / course
Sports Medicine
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-04-27 Created: 2012-04-26 Last updated: 2012-04-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(231 kB)326 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 231 kBChecksum SHA-512
d436e6c8d95b7b998b97c998b73194cc622c7dd4565a6d91e17a23bee6999d0271f597e559d20cf7e55f6bad155d997146aaa2f091014deb2e693225affc31d4
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Weslien, elis
By organisation
School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science
Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 326 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 98 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf