Russian Arctic Ports: Problems with the development and management of tourist flows
2012 (English)In: Опыт и перспективы развития туризма в крупных приморских городах [Текст] : сборник материалов II международной научно-практической конференции, 6 декабря 2011 года / М-во образования и науки Российской Федерации, Федеральное гос. бюджетное образовательное учреждение высш. проф. образования "Санкт-Петербургский гос. ун-т экономики и финансов, St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
The potential changes to the territory of the Russian Arctic open up unique possibilities for the development of tourism. More favourable transport opportunities along the Northern Sea Route (NSR) create opportunities for tourism development based on the utilisation of the extensive areas of sea shores and river basins. A major challenge for the Russian Arctic sea and river ports is their strong cargo transport orientation originated by natural resource extraction industries. A careful assessment of the prospects of current and future tourism development is presented here based on the development of regions located along the shores of the Arctic ocean (including Murmansk and Arkhangelsk oblast, Nenets Autonomous okrug (AO), Yamal-Nenets AO, Taymyr AO, Republic of Sakha, Chykotsky AO). An evaluation of the present development of tourism in maritime cities suggests that a considerable qualitative and quantitative increase of tourism activities organised by domestic tourism firms is made virtually impossible. There are several factors contributing to this. The previously established Soviet system of state support for the investments into the port facilities as well as the sea fleet were not effectively replaced by creation of new structures. The necessary investments for reconstruction could be contributed by the federal government but the priorities are not set towards the increased passenger transportation. Having in mind, increased environmental pressures in this highly sensitive area it is especially vital to establish a well-functioning monitoring and rescue system in the situation of ever increasing risks which come not only from the increased transports along the NSR, but also from the exploitation of the offshore oil and gas reserves in the Arctic seas. The capacity and knowledge established in Nordic countries (Norway, Finland) concerning cruise tourism should not be underestimated and the already functioning cooperation in Barents Region should expand towards this particular segment of the tourism industry. The current stage of economic development in Russia makes it clear that tourism development is not able to compete with the well-needed increase in the cargo transportation, which means that Russia’s fleet is going to be utilised by other industries. However, opening up this area to both local and international visitors could contribute to the economic prosperity of these remote areas and if carefully managed could sustain already existing maritime cities along the shores of the Arctic Ocean.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance , 2012.
Russian Arctic, Northern Sea Route, tourism development, coastal and cruise tourism
Research subject Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, Från ekonomisk bakland till global nöjesperiferi? Bedömning av turismens roll för hållbar utveckling av Arktiska områden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:du-6156ISBN: 978-5-7310-2759-5OAI: oai:dalea.du.se:6156DiVA: diva2:520517
Опыт и перспективы развития туризма в крупных приморских городах сборник материалов II международной научно-практической конференции, 6 декабря 2011 года