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Hybrid Joining of Aluminum to Thermoplastics with Friction Stir Welding
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Hybrid structures including aluminum-thermoplastic and aluminum-reinforced thermoplastic composite are increasingly important in the near future innovations due to its lightweight and high strength-to-weight ratio. A critical point for metal-polymer application is that sound joining of these materials is difficult to achieve owing to a large difference in surface energy and dissimilar structure between metal and polymer. In practice, two major joining methods for hybrid structures are mechanical joining and adhesive bonding. However, there are some drawbacks of these conventional methods such as stress concentration, long curing time and low reliability joints. A new novel metal-polymer hybrid joining is required to overcome these issues as well as manufacturing and cost perspectives.

To this end, this work aims to develop a general methodology to apply friction stir welding techniques to join a wide range of thermoplastics with and without fibers to aluminum alloy sheets. The present work proposed an experimental study to attain insight knowledge on the influences of welding parameters on the quality of hybrid joints in term of the maximum tensile shear strength. This includes the role of tool geometries, welding methodology as well as material weldability in the investigation. The results showed that friction stir welding is a promising technique for joining of thermoplastic to aluminum. Microstructural observation showed that a good mixing between aluminum and thermoplastic as well as defect-free weldments were obtained. Tool geometries and welding speed are two factors that significantly contribute to the quality of friction stir welded hybrid joints. The results also demonstrated that weld fracture modes are associated with material mixing as well as interfacial bonding between aluminum and thermoplastic.

An evaluation of the joint strength was benchmarked with the relevant literatures on hybrid joining. The results of proposed technique showed that the maximum tensile shear strength of friction stir welded joints were the same order of magnitude as the joints welded by laser welding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
friction stir welding, hybrid welding
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93144OAI: diva2:515154
Subject / course
Materials Processing
Educational program
Master of Science - Materials Science and Engineering
Available from: 2012-08-10 Created: 2012-04-12 Last updated: 2012-08-10Bibliographically approved

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