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Mechanical and tribological properties of PVD-coated cemented carbide as evaluated by a new multi-pass scratch testing method
Högskolan Dalarna, materialvetenskap. (Tribomaterial)
2012 (English)In: Advances in Tribology, ISSN 1687-5915, E-ISSN 1687-5923, Vol. 2012, 305209- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new test method based on multi-pass scratch testing has been developed for evaluating the mechanical and tribological properties of thin, hard coatings. The proposed test method uses a pin-on-disc tribometer and during testing a Rockwell C diamond stylus is used as the “pin” and loaded against the rotating coated sample. The influence of normal load on the number of cycles to coating damage is investigated and the resulting coating damage mechanisms are evaluated by post-test scanning electron microscopy. The present study presents the test method by evaluating the performance of Ti0.86Si0.14N, Ti0.34Al0.66N and (Al0.7Cr0.3)2O3 coatings deposited by cathodic arc evaporation on cemented carbide inserts.


The results show that the test method is quick, simple and reproducible and can preferably be used to obtain relevant data concerning the fatigue, wear, chipping and spalling characteristics of different coating-substrate composites. Also, the small size of the test region (the radius of the circular scratch track can be as small as 0.5 mm) makes it possible to perform tests within small restricted areas. Consequently, the test method can be used as a virtually non-destructive test and e.g. be used to evaluate the fatigue and wear resistance as well as the cohesive and adhesive interfacial strength of coated cemented carbide inserts prior to cutting tests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 2012, 305209- p.
Keyword [en]
Multi-pass scratch testing, PVD coatings, cemented carbide, spalling, surface fatigue, wear
National Category
Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-172462DOI: 10.1155/2012/305209OAI: diva2:514725
Available from: 2012-04-10 Created: 2012-04-10 Last updated: 2013-07-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Microstructural, Mechanical and Tribological Characterisation of CVD and PVD Coatings for Metal Cutting Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microstructural, Mechanical and Tribological Characterisation of CVD and PVD Coatings for Metal Cutting Applications
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis focuses on characterisation of microstructure and the resulting mechanical and tribological properties of CVD and PVD coatings used in metal cutting applications. These thin and hard coatings are designed to improve the tribological performance of cutting tools which in metal cutting operations may result in improved cutting performance, lower energy consumption, lower production costs and lower impact on the environment.  In order to increase the understanding of the tribological behaviour of the coating systems a number of friction and wear tests have been performed and evaluated by post-test microscopy and surface analysis. Much of the work has focused on coating cohesive and adhesive strength, surface fatigue resistance, abrasive wear resistance and friction and wear behaviour under sliding contact and metal cutting conditions.

The results show that the CVD deposition of accurate crystallographic phases, e.g. α-Al2O3 rather than κ-Al2O3, textures and multilayer structures can increase the wear resistance of Al2O3. However, the characteristics of the interfaces, e.g. topography as well as interfacial porosity, have a strong impact on coating adhesion and consequently on the resulting properties.  Through the deposition of well designed bonding and template layer structures the above problems may be eliminated.

Also, the presence of macro-particles in PVD coatings may have a significant impact on the interfacial adhesive strength, increasing the tendency to coating spalling and lowering the surface fatigue resistance, as well as increasing the friction in sliding contacts.

Finally, the CVD-Al2O3 coating topography influences the contact conditions in sliding as well as in metal cutting.

In summary, the work illuminates the importance of understanding the relationships between deposition process parameters, composition and microstructure, resulting properties and tribological performance of CVD and PVD coatings and how this knowledge can be used to develop the coating materials of tomorrow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 83 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 934
Tribology, Friction, Wear, Coatings, CVD, PVD, Alumina, Metal cutting
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Tribo Materials
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-172364 (URN)978-91-554-8371-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-06-08, Claes Ohlsson-salen, Skomakargatan 1, Borlänge, 10:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2012-05-15 Created: 2012-04-05 Last updated: 2012-08-01Bibliographically approved

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