Climate change and water security with a focus on the Arctic
2011 (English)In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 4, 8449- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Water is of fundamental importance for human life; access to water of good quality is of vital concern for mankind. Currently however, the situation is under severe pressure due to several stressors that have a clear impact on access to water. In the Arctic, climate change is having an impact on water availability by melting glaciers, decreasing seasonal rates of precipitation, increasing evapotranspiration, and drying lakes and rivers existing in permafrost grounds. Water quality is also being impacted as manmade pollutants stored in the environment are released, lowland areas are flooded with salty ocean water during storms, turbidity from permafrost-driven thaw and erosion is increased, and the growth or emergence of natural pollutants are increased. By 2030 it is estimated that the world will need to produce 50% more food and energy which means a continuous increase in demand for water. Decisionmakers will have to very clearly include life quality aspects of future generations in the work as impact of ongoing changes will be noticeable, in many cases, in the future. This article will focus on effects of climate-change on water security with an Arctic perspective giving some examples from different countries how arising problems are being addressed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Järfälla: CoAction Publishing, 2011. Vol. 4, 8449- p.
Health and environmental change, Arctic
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53886DOI: 10.3402/gha.v4i0.8449ISI: 000299012700061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-53886DiVA: diva2:514031