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Variation in the Syntax of the Older Runic Inscriptions
2012 (English)In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 2, 27-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is evidence for the so-called displacement verb second in the language of the runic inscriptions, which most previous scholarship has failed to recognize. This evidence consists of clauses in which the finite verb immediately precedes a subject pronoun (or a subject agreement marker). There is, however, variation with respect to the position of the verb, as it does not appear in second position in all cases. Contrary to common assumptions, however, there are only two reasonably clear examples of verb last order. The finite verb also occurs in absolute initial position in the clause, providing an example of verb first. Moreover, it can be argued that in the early runic language both object–verb and verb–object orders occur in the verb phrase. Furthermore, while determiners either precede or follow the head noun in the noun phrase, the adnominal genitive usually precedes it. On the other hand, only prepositions are attested in the runic corpus, no postpositions. These results shed light on the development of word order at the earliest stage of Germanic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 2, 27-49 p.
Keyword [en]
verb second, word order, syntax, syntactic displacement, linguistic variation, older runic inscriptions, Old Germanic
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-171050OAI: diva2:512976
Available from: 2012-03-30 Created: 2012-03-15 Last updated: 2012-03-30Bibliographically approved

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