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Following the Footnotes: A Bibliometric Analysis of Citation Patterns in Literary Studies
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis provides an in-depth study of the possibilities of applying bibliometric methods to the research field of literary studies. The four articles that constitute the backbone of this thesis focus on different aspects of references and citations in literary studies: from the use of references in the text to citation patterns among 34 literature journals. The analysis covers both an Anglo-Saxon context as well as research in Swedish literary studies, and the materials used include Web of Science data, references in the Swedish literature journal TFL (Tidskrift för Litteraturvetenskap) and applications to the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet). A study is also made of the influence of one single publication—Walter Benjamin’s Illuminations—and its impact in literary studies and in wider academia.

The results from the four articles are elaborated upon using a theoretical framework that focuses on differences in the social and intellectual organization of research fields. According to these theories literary studies can be described as a fragmented, heterogenic, interdisciplinary and ‘rural’ field with a diverse audience. The fragmented and rural organization of the field is reflected in low citation frequencies as well as in the difficulties in discerning research specialities in co-citation mappings, while the analysis of the intellectual base (highly cited authors) is an example of the heterogenic and interdisciplinary character of the field, as it includes authors from many fields across the humanities and the social sciences.

The thesis emphasizes that bibliometric studies of research fields in the humanities need to incorporate non-English and non-journal publications in order to produce valid and fair results. Moreover, bibliometric methods must be modified in accordance with the organization of research in a particular field, and differences in referencing practices and citation patterns ought to be considered. Consequently, it is advised that bibliometric measures for evaluating research in these fields should, if used at all, be applied with great caution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. , p. 195
Series
Skrifter utgivna vid institutionen för ABM vid Uppsala universitet, ISSN 1652-5353 ; 5
Series
Publications from the Department of ALM at Uppsala University ; 5
Keywords [en]
Bibliometrics, citation analysis, scholarly communication, research practices, literary studies, the humanities, visualization
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-170504ISBN: 978-91-506-2279-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-170504DiVA, id: diva2:511996
Public defence
2012-05-12, Universitetshuset, sal IX., Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
© Björn Hammarfelt 2012Available from: 2012-04-20 Created: 2012-03-12 Last updated: 2012-04-20Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Referencing in the humanities and its implications for citation analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Referencing in the humanities and its implications for citation analysis
2010 (English)In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 310-318Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article studies citation practices in the arts andhumanities from a theoretical and conceptual viewpoint,drawing on studies from fields like linguistics, history,library & information science, and the sociology of science.The use of references in the humanities is discussedin connection with the growing interest in thepossibilities of applying citation analysis to humanisticdisciplines. The study shows how the use of referenceswithin the humanities is connected to concepts of originality,to intellectual organization, and to searching andwriting. Finally, it is acknowledged that the use of referencesis connected to stylistic, epistemological, andorganizational differences, and these differences mustbe taken into account when applying citation analysis tohumanistic disciplines.

Keywords
Citation analysis, Citation theory, bibliometrics, humanities, referencing
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113528 (URN)10.1002/asi.21256 (DOI)000274038400007 ()
Available from: 2010-01-29 Created: 2010-01-29 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
2. Interdisciplinarity and the intellectual base of literature studies: citation analysis of highly cited monographs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interdisciplinarity and the intellectual base of literature studies: citation analysis of highly cited monographs
2011 (English)In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 86, no 3, p. 705-725Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article studies interdisciplinarity and the intellectual base of 34 literature journals using citation data from Web of Science. Data from two time periods, 1978-1987 and 1998-2007 were compared to reveal changes in the interdisciplinary citing of monographs. The study extends the analysis to non-source publications; using the classification of monographs to show changes in the intellectual base. There is support for increased interdisciplinary citing of sources, especially to the social sciences, and changes in the intellectual base reflect this. The results are explained using theories on the intellectual and social organization of scientific fields and the use of bibliometric methods on the humanities is discussed. The article demonstrates how citation analysis can provide insights into the communication patterns and intellectual structure of scholarly fields in the arts and humanities.

Keywords
Citation analysis, Humanities, Intellectual structure, Interdisciplinarity, Literature studies
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-144416 (URN)10.1007/s11192-010-0314-5 (DOI)000286627500011 ()
Available from: 2011-01-30 Created: 2011-01-30 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
3. Citation analysis on the micro-level: The example of Walter Benjamin's Illuminations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Citation analysis on the micro-level: The example of Walter Benjamin's Illuminations
2011 (English)In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 62, no 5, p. 819-830Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article employs citation analysis on a micro level- the level of the cited document; in this case, Walter Benjamin's Illuminations (1968/2007). The study shows how this frequently cited publication-more than 4,000 citations in Web of Science-has been received. The growth of citations and interdisciplinary citing is studied, and a novel approach-page citation analysis-is applied to study how different parts of Illuminations have been cited. The article demonstrates how bibliometric methods can be used together with qualitative accounts to map the impact and dissemination of a particular publication. Furthermore, it shows how bibliometric methods can be utilized to study intellectual structures in the humanities, and highlights the influence of the humanities on the social sciences and sciences.

National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-144417 (URN)10.1002/asi.21504 (DOI)000289486100002 ()
Available from: 2011-01-30 Created: 2011-01-30 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
4. Harvesting footnotes in a rural field: citation patterns in Swedish literary studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Harvesting footnotes in a rural field: citation patterns in Swedish literary studies
2012 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 536-558Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of this article is to study a locally oriented and book-based research field using two Swedish-language sources. Knowledge about citation patterns outside journal based, English-language databases is scarce; thus a substantial part of research in the humanities and the social sciences is neglected in bibliometric studies.

Design: Citation characteristics (publication type, language, gender and age) in the journal Tidskrift för Litteraturvetenskap (2000-2009) and in grant applications (2006-2009) are studied. The datasets are analyzed further, adopting an author-co-citation approach for depicting and comparing the ‘intellectual base’ of the field.

Findings: It is shown that monographs and anthologies are the main publication channel in Swedish literary research. English, followed by Swedish, is the major language, and the gender of authors seems to influence citation practices. Furthermore, a common intellectual base of literary studies that is independent of publication type and language could be identified.

Practical implications: Bibliometric analysis of fields within the humanities needs to go beyond established databases and materials. The extensive use of recent English-language monographs in Swedish literary studies informs the acquisition policy of university libraries serving literature scholars.

Originality/value: Citation analysis of non-English sources offers further knowledge about scholarly fields with a local and ‘rural’ profile. The approach of using references in grant applications provides a novel and promising venue for bibliometric research.

Keywords
Citation analysis, bibliometrics, grant applications, humanities, literary studies, scholarly communication, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-170386 (URN)10.1108/00220411211239101 (DOI)000308836300007 ()
Available from: 2012-03-12 Created: 2012-03-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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