Aerosol-Mediated Transport and Deposition of Brominated Diphenyl Ethers to Antarctica
2012 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 46, no 6, 3135-3140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Brominated diphenyl ethers (BDE47, 99, 100, and 209) were measured in air, snow and sea ice throughout western Antarctica between 2001 and 2007. BDEs in Antarctic air were predominantly associated with aerosols and were low compared to those in remote regions of the northern hemisphere, except in Marguerite Bay following the fire at Rothera research station in Sept 2001, indicating that this event was a local source of BDE209 to the Antarctic environment. Aerosol BDE47/100 reflects a mixture of commercial pentaBDE products; however, BDE99/100 is suggestive of photodegradation of BDE99 during long-range atmospheric transport (LRAT) in the austral summer. BDEs in snow were lower than predicted based on snow scavenging of aerosols indicating that atmospheric deposition events may be episodic. BDE47, -99, and -100 significantly declined in Antarctic sea ice between 2001 and 2007; however, BDE209 did not decline in Antarctic sea ice over the same time period. Significant losses of BDE99 and -100 from sea ice were recorded over a 19 day period in spring 2001 demonstrating that seasonal ice processes result in the preferential loss of some BDEs. BDE47/100 and BDE99/100 in sea ice samples reflect commercial pentaBDE products, suggesting that photodegradation of BDE99 is minimal during LRAT in the austral winter.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012. Vol. 46, no 6, 3135-3140 p.
Polybromerade difenyletrar, PBDE, långväga lufttransport
Environmental Sciences Other Chemistry Topics Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-75967DOI: 10.1021/es204375pISI: 000301630200014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-75967DiVA: diva2:511207
funding agencies|National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs| 0087872 0741379 |Swedish Research Council||Italian Antarctic Research Program||2012-04-032012-03-202015-01-14Bibliographically approved