Functional Cyclic Carbonate Monomers and Polycarbonates: Synthesis and Biomaterials Applications
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The present work describes a selection of strategies for the synthesis of functional aliphatic polycarbonates. Using an end-group functionalization strategy, a series of DNA-binding cationic poly(trimethylene carbonate)s was synthesized for application as vectors for non-viral gene delivery. As the end-group functionality was identical in all polymers, the differences observed in DNA binding and in vitro transfection studies were directly related to the length of the hydrophobic poly(trimethylene carbonate) backbone and the number of functional end-groups. This enabled the use of this polymer system to explore the effects of structural elements on the gene delivery ability of cationic polymers, revealing striking differences between different materials, related to functionality and cationic charge density.
In an effort to achieve more flexibility in the synthesis of functional polymers, polycarbonates were synthesized in which the functionalities were distributed along the polymer backbone. Through polymerization of a series of alkyl halide-functional six-membered cyclic carbonates, semicrystalline chloro- and bromo-functional homopolycarbonates were obtained. The tendency of the materials to form crystallites was related to the presence of alkyl as well as halide functionalities and ranged from polymers that crystallized from the melt to materials that only crystallized on precipitation from a solution. Semicrystallinity was also observed for random 1:1 copolymers of some of the monomers with trimethylene carbonate, suggesting a remarkable ability of repeating units originating from these monomers to form crystallites.
For the further synthesis of functional monomers and polymers, azide-functional cyclic carbonates were synthesized from the bromo-functional monomers. These were used as starting materials for the click synthesis of triazole-functional cyclic carbonate monomers through Cu(I)-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition. The click chemistry strategy proved to be a viable route to obtain structurally diverse monomers starting from a few azide-functional precursors. This paves the way for facile synthesis of a wide range of novel functional cyclic carbonate monomers and polycarbonates, limited only by the availability of suitable functional alkynes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. , 73 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 911
DNA condensation, gene delivery, ionomers, polyplexes, self-assembly, amphiphiles, biodegradable, biological applications of polymers, transfection, cyclic carbonate monomers, polycarbonates, semicrystalline polymers, click chemistry, triazoles, cycloaddition
Organic Chemistry Polymer Chemistry Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Polymer Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169677ISBN: 978-91-554-8310-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-169677DiVA: diva2:510531
2012-05-04, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Dove, Andrew, Dr.
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