Simulation of Heat Recovery Steam Generator in a Combined Cycle Power Plant
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This thesis covers the modelling of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) in a Combined Cycle Power Plant(CCPP). This kind of power plant has become more and more utilized because of its high efficiency and low emissions. The HRSG plays a central role in the generation of steam using the exhaust heat from the gas turbine.
The purpose of the thesis was to develop efficient dynamic models for the physical components in the HRSG using the modelling and simulation software Dymola. The models are then to be used for simulations of a complete CCPP.The main application is to use the complete model to introduce various disturbances and study their consequences inthe different components in the CCPP by analyzing the simulation results. The thesis is a part of an ongoingdevelopment process for the dynamic simulation capabilities offered by the Solution department at SIT AB.
First, there is a theoretical explanation of the CCPP components and control system included in the scope of this thesis. Then the development method is described and the top-down approach that was used is explained. The structure and equations used are reported for each of the developed models and a functional description is given. Inorder to ensure that the HRSG model would function in a complete CCPP model, adaptations were made and tuning was performed on the existing surrounding component models in the CCPP. Static verifications of the models are performed by comparison to Siemens in-house software for static calculations. Dynamic verification was partially done, but work remains to guarantee the validity in a wide operating range.
As a result of this thesis efficient models for the drum boiler and its control system have been developed. An operational model of a complete CCPP has been built. This was done integrating the developed models during the work with this thesis together with adaptations of already developed models. Steady state for the CCPP model is achieved during simulation and various disturbances can then be introduced and studied. Simulation time for a typical test case is longer than the time limit that has been set, mainly because of the gas turbine model. When using linear functions to approximate the gas turbine start-up curves instead, the simulation finishes within the set simulation time limit of 5 minutes for a typical test case.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 92 p.
Modelling and Simulation, Control System, Combined-Cycle Power Plant, Heat Recovery Steam Generator, Dymola, Modelica, Siemens
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-75836ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--12/4548--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-75836DiVA: diva2:509097
Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB
Subject / course
2012-02-27, Algoritmen, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 10:00 (Swedish)
Kinnander, ÅkeKhoshfetrat Pakazad, Sina
Glad, Torkel, Professor