Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Hur samlar Skanska in information vid kalkylering?
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I dagens industrisamhälle anses projektarbete som den självklara modellen för utvecklingsarbete. Första steget i projekt där information spelar en väsentlig roll är vid kalkylering . Det är här projektets framtid avgörs. Här gäller det att vara tydlig med den information som sammanställs samt lagra den för effektiv åtkomst för projektmedlemmarna. Utan ett väl fungerande informationsflöde får organisationen svårt att anpassa sig till förändringar samt problem som uppstår. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur kalkylering sker i teorin och i praktiken för att få en förståelse för hur informationsflödena spelar sin roll. Den teoretiska referensramen baserades på de teorier som påträffades vid en sökning bland KTHB:s databaser samt Google Scholar. Informationsflödet har delats upp i tre delar, presentation, transport och lagring av information. Dessutom studeras ett antal olika kalkylmetoder. För att få en kompletterande bild av hur detta applicerats i praktiken har en fallstudie utförts på Skanska Sverige AB. Denna studie omfattar tre intervjutillfällen samt en kontinuerlig kontakt med en inköpsansvarig på Skanska. Kalkylmetoderna som undersöktes var ABC – kalkylering, produktkalkylering och produktionskalkylering. Sedan undersöktes vilka av dessa kalkylmetoder som används på Skanska Sverige AB. Kalkyler upprättas utifrån företagets informationshanteringssystem och Skanska använder sig av ett eget utvecklat system, Spik. Vidare undersöktes vilken typ av information som har störst påverkan vid kalkylens utformning och vilka faktorer som är avgörande. Teoristudierna jämförs med empirin genom diskussion om informationsflödets betydelse vid kalkylframtagning på Skanska. Därefter diskuteras rekommendationer om hur informationsflödet skulle kunna förbättras vid framtagningen av kalkylen.

Abstract [en]

In today's industrialized society projects are considered as the obvious model for development. The first step in projects where information plays an essential role is in calculations. This is where the projects future is decided. Here it is important to be clear about the information compiled and making sure that the storage of the information is easily accessed for the project members. Without a proper flow of information, the organization will have difficulty adapting to changes and problems that arise. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the calculation is made in theory and in practice to get an understanding of how the flow of information plays its role.The theoretical framework was based on the theories that were found in a search among KTHB databases and Google Scholar. The information flow has been divided into three parts, presentation, transport and storage of information. Also studied are a number of different calculation methods. To obtain a complementary picture of how this is applied in practice, a case study has been conducted at Skanska Sverige AB. This study includes three interview occasions and continuous contact with a purchasing manager at Skanska. The calculation methods that were examined were ABC - calculation, product calculation and production calculation. Later examined were which of these calculation methods is used at Skanska Sweden AB. Calculations are made from the company's information management system and Skanska use a custom developed system, Spik. It was further examined which type of information that has the greatest impact on the modeling of the calculations and which factors that are crucial. The theory studies are compared with the empirical studies through discussion about the flow of informations role in the development of calculations at Skanska. Later discussed are the recommendations on how the information flow could be improved in the development of calculations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 21 p.
Series
Examensarbete inom teknik och management, grundnivå, 83
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-91071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-91071DiVA: diva2:508002
Subject / course
Production Engineering
Uppsok
Technology
Examiners
Available from: 2012-03-14 Created: 2012-03-07 Last updated: 2012-03-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(147 kB)966 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 147 kBChecksum SHA-512
1a90f524afa41a49a69d18c20a45ca27eb2aa6d0c8320532f21ed23b200d5499410372d10394a1d7974aabcbed3dd4a21bcc790ec0ac03417eae6803ab74c50f
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Production Engineering
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 966 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 682 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf