Human Robot Interaction Solutions for Intuitive Industrial Robot Programming
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Over the past few decades the use of industrial robots has increased the efficiency as well as competitiveness of many companies. Despite this fact, in many cases, robot automation investments are considered to be technically challenging. In addition, for most small and medium sized enterprises (SME) this process is associated with high costs. Due to their continuously changing product lines, reprogramming costs are likely to exceed installation costs by a large margin. Furthermore, traditional programming methods for industrial robots are too complex for an inexperienced robot programmer, thus assistance from a robot programming expert is often needed. We hypothesize that in order to make industrial robots more common within the SME sector, the robots should be reprogrammable by technicians or manufacturing engineers rather than robot programming experts. In this thesis we propose a high-level natural language framework for interacting with industrial robots through an instructional programming environment for the user. The ultimate goal of this thesis is to bring robot programming to a stage where it is as easy as working together with a colleague.In this thesis we mainly address two issues. The first issue is to make interaction with a robot easier and more natural through a multimodal framework. The proposed language architecture makes it possible to manipulate, pick or place objects in a scene through high level commands. Interaction with simple voice commands and gestures enables the manufacturing engineer to focus on the task itself, rather than programming issues of the robot. This approach shifts the focus of industrial robot programming from the coordinate based programming paradigm, which currently dominates the field, to an object based programming scheme.The second issue addressed is a general framework for implementing multimodal interfaces. There have been numerous efforts to implement multimodal interfaces for computers and robots, but there is no general standard framework for developing them. The general framework proposed in this thesis is designed to perform natural language understanding, multimodal integration and semantic analysis with an incremental pipeline and includes a novel multimodal grammar language, which is used for multimodal presentation and semantic meaning generation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2012. , 94 p.
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 149
huamn robot interaction, industrial robots, intuitive programming
Research subject Computer Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-14315ISBN: 978-91-7485-060-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-14315DiVA: diva2:507974
2012-03-28, Lambda, Högskoleplan 1, Rosenhil, Västerås, 13:15 (English)
Iliev, Boyko, Ph.D
Curuklu, Baran, Ph.D.Asplund, Lars, Professor
Projectsrobot colleague project
List of papers