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Sjuksköterskors upplevelser i bemötandet med personer som skadar sig själv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses’ experiences in meeting with people who exhibit self-injury (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Självskadebeteende är ett samhällsproblem som ökar. Personer med självskadebeteende kan ofta uppleva att de inte bemötts på ett bra sätt av vårdpersonal. Beteendet kan vara svårt att begripa och provocerande för omgivningen. Personer som skadar sig själv gör det i syfte att lindra ångest och smärta. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskors upplevelser i bemötandet av personer med självskadebeteende. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie har gjorts. Sökord som tilltalade syftet identifierades. Litteratursökningen genomfördes i olika databaser. Resultat: Resultatet framkom ur vetenskapliga artiklar (n=11) som granskades. Resultatet presenterades i fyra subteman: upplevelser av förståelse i bemötandet, upplevelser av ansvar i bemötandet, upplevelser av rädsla och frustration i bemötandet och upplevelser av kunskapsbrist och stress i bemötandet. Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskor upplever personer med självskadebeteende som en ansträngande patientgrupp. Faktorer som utbildning, tidspress och stöd från medarbetare upplevdes som betydelsefullt i vården med personer som skadar sig själv. Diskussion: Genom utbildning och handledning skulle sjuksköterskor kunna bli mer professionella i bemötandet med personer som skadar sig själv. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor behöver mer utbildning, handledning och kunskap för att bemöta personer som skadar sig själv på ett professionellt sätt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Self-injury is a social problem that is increasing. People with self-injury can often feel that they have not been treated in a good way of nursing staff. People who harm themselves do it in order to relieve anxiety and pain. The behavior can be difficult to comprehend and provocative for the environment. Aim: The aim was to illuminate nurses’ experiences in the treatment of people with self-injury. Method: A literature review search has been made. Keywords that appealed to the purpose identified. The literature search was conducted in different databases. Results: The results emerged from scientific articles (n = 11) that were reviewed. The results were presented in four sub themes: experiences of understanding in the treatment, experiences of responsibility in the treatment, experiences of fear and frustration in the treatment and experiences of lack of understanding and stress in the treatment. Factors as education, time pressure and support from colleagues were seen as important in the care of people who self-injure. Discussion: Through training and mentoring nurses would be more professional when dealing with people who hurt themselves. Conclusion: Nurses need more education, mentoring and knowledge to deal with people who hurt themselves in a professional manner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Self-harm, nurs, meeting and experience
Keyword [sv]
Självskada, sjuksköterskor, bemötande och upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9118DiVA: diva2:507375
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-03-08 Created: 2012-03-04 Last updated: 2012-03-08Bibliographically approved

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