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Magnetic materials with tunable thermal, electrical, and dynamic properties: An experimental study of magnetocaloric, multiferroic, and spin-glass materials
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics. (Division of Solid State Physics)
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis concerns and combines the results of experimental studies of magnetocaloric, multiferroic and spin-glass materials, using SQUID magnetometry as the main characteriza-tion technique. 

The magnetocaloric effect offers an interesting new technology for cooling and heating applications. The studies of magnetocaloric materials in this thesis are focused on experimen-tal characterization of fundamental magnetic properties of Fe2P-based materials. These are promising magnetocaloric materials with potential industrial use. It is found that the magneto-caloric properties of Fe2P can be optimally tuned by substitution of manganese for iron and silicon for phosphorus. Furthermore, a simple device to measure the magnetocaloric effect in terms of the adiabatic temperature change was constructed. 

Materials that simultaneously exhibit different types of ferroic order, for example magnetic and electrical order, are rare in nature. Among these multiferroic materials, those in which the ferroelectricity is magnetically-induced, or vice versa the magnetism is electrically-induced, are intensively studied due to a need for new functionalities in future data storage and logic devices. This thesis presents results on two materials: Co3TeO6 and Ba3NbFe3Si2O14, which belong to the group of magnetically-induced ferroelectrics and exhibit strong coupling be-tween the magnetic and the electrical order parameter. Their ordering properties were studied using magnetic and electrical measurement techniques. The coupling between the magnetic and electronic degrees of freedom was investigated using high-field and low-temperature Raman spectroscopy. 

Spin-glass materials exhibit complex magnetism and disorder. The influence of the spin dimensionality on the low and high magnetic field properties of spin glasses was investigated by studying model Heisenberg, XY and Ising spin-glass systems. Significant differences were found between the non-equilibrium dynamics and the hysteresis behavior of Heisenberg systems compared to those of XY and Ising spin glasses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. , 187 p.
Series
Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-2516 ; 98
Keyword [en]
Magnetocalorics, multiferroics, spin glasses, magnetization, polarization, spin-dimensionality
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Solid State Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168986ISBN: 978-91-554-8287-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168986DiVA: diva2:504623
Public defence
2012-04-04, Polhem salen, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-03-14 Created: 2012-02-21 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved

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