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Intensivvårdssjuksköterskans samspel med patientens närstående
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The intensive care nurses’ interactions with the patients family (English)
Abstract [sv]

En intensivvårdssjuksköterska kommer i sin yrkesutövning ofta att möta närstående till svårt sjuka patienter. Tidigare studier har påvisat närståendes betydelse inom intensivvården och hur komplicerat samspelet med närstående kan vara, under de speciella omständigheter som råder på en intensivvårdsavdelning. Syftet med denna studie var att belysa intensivvårdssjuksköterskans erfarenheter av aspekter som bidrar till att främja ett gott samspel med patientens närstående. En kvalitativ ansats har använts i studien. Datainsamling utfördes via halvstrukturerade intervjuer, styrda av en intervjuguide. Tio intervjuer genomfördes med intensivvårdssjuksköterskor som arbetade på två olika intensivvårdsavdelningar i mellansverige. Inklusionskriterier var sjuksköterskor med specialistutbildning inom intensivvård med minst tre års erfarenhet av arbete inom specialiteten. Innehållsanalys av data genomfördes och tre huvudkategorier framträdde: Aspekter i intensivvårdsmiljön, Aspekter i den egna kompetensen samt Aspekter hos närstående. Resultatet visar att det finns åtskilliga aspekter, såväl i intensivvårdsmiljön som hos sjuksköterskorna själva samt hos de närstående, som kan bidra till att främja ett gott samspel. Intensivvårdsjuksköterskorna framhåller vikten av att vara förberedd samt att etablera en relation till de närstående. Hur väl detta lyckas påverkas av såväl yttre förutsättningar i intensivvårdsmiljön som den egna kompetensen. Resultatet indikerar även att färdigheter i att möta närstående erhålls genom yrkeserfarenhet, vilket väcker frågor om hur en oerfaren intensivvårdssjuksköterska hanterar samspelet med närstående.

Abstract [en]

A critical care nurse will in the course of her work often meet relatives of severely ill patients. Previous studies have confirmed the importance of relatives in intensive care and how complex the interaction with these may be, due to the special conditions existing in an intensive care unit. The purpose of this study was to highlight the critical care nurse's experiences of aspects that help improve a sound relationship with the patient's relatives. A qualitative approach was used in the study. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews, guided by an interview guide. Ten interviews were conducted with ICU nurses who worked in two different intensive care units in central Sweden. Inclusion criteria were nurses with specialist training in intensive care, with at least three years experience of working in the ICU. Content analysis was conducted and three main categories emerged: Aspects of the intensive care environment, Aspects of their own competence and Aspects of significant others. The results show that there are several aspects. Both the intensive care environment, the nurses themselves as well as the patients relatives can help promote a sound relationship. Intensive care nurses stressed the importance of being prepared and to establish a relationship with the relatives. How well this succeeds is affected by both external conditions in the intensive care environment and the nurses own competence. The results also indicate that skills in meeting relatives is obtained by work experience, which raises questions about how an inexperienced ICU nurse does interact with relatives of patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Critically ill patients; Intensive care units; Professional-family relationship; relativs;
Keyword [sv]
Svårt sjuka patienter; Intensivvårdsavdelning; Närstående; Samspel
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-11695Local ID: OMV C-53OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-11695DiVA: diva2:503907
Subject / course
Emergency Care Specialist Nursing, Intensive Care Nursing, Graduate Diploma
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-03-12 Created: 2012-02-17 Last updated: 2012-03-12Bibliographically approved

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