The overhead line sag dependence on weather parameters and line current
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
As the demand for energy increases, as well as the demand for renewable energy, Vattenfall, as network owner, receives many requests to connect new wind power to the grid. The limiting factor for how much wind power that can be connected to the grid is in this case the maximum current capacity of the overhead lines that is based on a line temperature limit. The temperature limit is set to ensure a safety distance between the lines and the ground.
This master thesis project is a part of a research project at Vattenfall Research and Development that is examining the possibilities of increasing the allowed current on overhead lines in order to be able to connect more wind power to the existing network.
Measured data from two overhead lines in southern Sweden is analyzed and the internal relations between the measured parameters are examined. The measured parameters are overhead line sag, line temperature, ambient temperature, solar radiation, wind speed and line current.
The results indicate that there is a big load margin that could be utilized to increase the maximum current as long as further work could show that low winds at line height correlates with low wind at nacelle height. The results show that the sag versus line temperature is approximately linear within the measured temperature range. This means that a real-time-monitoring system measuring the line temperature should give adequate knowledge of the line position to ensure the safety distance. A model for the line temperature as a function of insolation, current, ambient temperature and wind speed has been estimated for one of the lines. Simulations show that a sudden increase in current at a worst-case scenario would give the operators about ten minutes to react before the line reaches the temperature limit.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 52 p.
UPTEC W, ISSN 1401-5765 ; 11 017
Overhead lines, dynamic rating, real-time monitoring, conductor
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168528DiVA: diva2:499977
Vattenfall Research and Development AB
Master Programme in Environmental and Water Engineering