Analysis of a load frequency control implementation in Swedish run-of-river hydropower stations
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The total amount of frequency deviations have during the last decade increased exponentially in the Nordic synchronous power system. The transmission system operators have therefore decided to implement load frequency control as a new automatic control system to stem these frequency deviations.
The aim of this feasibility study is to analyse the effects of an LFC implementation in Swedish hydropower stations by using a more dynamic river governing. The method chosen to analyse the effects of LFC-governing was to create a Matlab Simulink hydropower station library including dynamic modules for rivers and turbine governors. The library is then used to create a river reach that is implemented in an ENTSO-E model for the Nordic frequency reserves. The governing of the river uses economical dispatch theory to optimally distribute a LFC setpoint signal from the ENTSO-E model to the different hydropower stations.
Results show that the developed method has a future potential to create more frequency controlled reserves. By creating a central governing unit it was possible to govern frequency controlled reserves over an entire river reach under certain scenarios, but there are still many obstacles to overcome before an actual implementation. The method does however show both the possibilities and drawback of frequency controlled reserves in cascade coupled hydropower systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 63 p.
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 12004
Hydropower, power system, frequency controlled reserves, load frequency control, Matlab Simulink
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168296OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168296DiVA: diva2:492588
Master Programme in Energy Systems Engineering
Pernestål, KjellLundin, Urban