Det nazistiska hotet i Tidens spegel 1932-1939: Arbetarrörelsen i spänningsfältet mellan demokrati och diktatur
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect the Nazi threat had on the swedish labour movement between 1932 and 1939 and to enrich what kind of pre-understanding they had about the fall of the Weimar Republic and the upcoming and effects of the Third Reich.
Brought by the development in Germany, a debate and struggle took place in the Social Democratic journal Tiden over the meaning of concepts and there ability, in the hands of demagogs, to overthrow democratic structures. The concept of socialism and its concepts attribute play a major part in this investigation. By establishing fields of tension such as - nation vs internationalism, socialism in theory and in practice, political democracy vs evolved democracy and the diverse principles of neutrality, the first principle meaning the defending of national boarders, the other meaning not only defending your own country but taking an active part in defending democracy in the world - I was able to observe the movement and change of concepts within this fields. The result showing that the concept of socialism and near related attributes, in the hands of national socialists had undertaken a wast change of meaning, which applied in the Swedish debate threatened to undermine the power and force of the Social Democrats applied in the political discourse in Sweden. To defend itself and strengthening the Social Democratic hegemony as well as maintaining the goal of evolved democratic expansion, they were forced to win the confidence and votes of the middle class. To do that they had to revise and adapt and to some extent marginalize the socialistic ideology and the concepts attached to the Marxian legacy. Make it fit to the economic and social demands of the time. The understanding of the German development between 1918 and 1939 and the strategy and ideology of the Nazi movement in Tiden is explicit. A main reason for the democratic doom was considered the Treaty of Versailles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 52 p.
Arbetarrörelse, socialdemokrati, nazism, nationalsocialism, demokrati, diktatur, begrepp, ideologi, socialism, massa, medelklass, neutralitet, nation, internationalism, Tiden.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-15319DiVA: diva2:492146
Subject / course
Ekdahl, Lars, Professor
Heiko, Droste, Docent