Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Sväljningssvårigheter hos patienter opererade för munhålecancer: en litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa sväljningssvårigheter hos patienter som genomgått kirurgisk behandling på grund av munhålecancer genom att undersöka vad som bidrar till sväljningssvårigheter, hur patienterna upplever sväljningen samt hur vårdpersonalen kan hjälpa dessa patienter. Studien baserades på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar som söktes fram i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Resultatet indelades utifrån vilket metodologiskt tillvägagångssätt som använts i studierna, videofluoroskopi respektive frågeformulär. Förekomst och resektion av tumör i orofarynx, särskilt tungbasen, gav större sväljningsdysfunktion jämfört med orala tumörer i flera av videofluoroskopistudierna. När frågeformulär användes för att undersöka patienternas självupplevda sväljning sågs att strålbehandling var en viktig negativ faktor för sväljningen. I flera av studierna sågs att större resektionstorlek/tumörstorlek eller ett avancerat sjukdomsstadie hade negativ inverkan på sväljningen. Aspekter av munfunktionen rankades som mest betydande av 12 viktiga funktioner i en studie, med sväljningen på fjärde plats. I en studie som undersökt livskvalitet relaterad till sväljningssvårigheter var ”tid för ätande”, ”problem att tugga”, ”problem med mat som fastnar i munnen” de faktorer som gav lägst livskvalitet. Vid sökning efter studier som kunde svara på vilka åtgärder omvårdnadspersonal kan tillämpa för att hjälpa munhålecanceropererade patienter med sväljningssvårigheter framkom ingen relevant studie.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this literature review was to illuminate swallowing difficulties in oral and oropharyngeal cancer patients treated with surgery by studying which factors contribute to swallowing difficulties, how these patients experience their swallowing and how nursing staff can assist them. The study was based on 12 research articles. The literature search was performed in the PubMed and Cinahl databases. The result was subdevided on the basis of the methods used in the studies, videofluoroscopy and questionnaires. The presence and resection of tumours of the oropharynx, in particular of the base of the tongue, resulted in more severe swallowing dysfunction compared to tumours of the oral cavity in several of the videofluoroscopic studies. Self-assessment questionnaires showed that radiation therapy had a mayor negative effect on swallowing. In several studies large tumours/resections and an advanced stage had a negative impact on swallowing. In one study aspects of mouth function was ranked to be the most important of 12 important issues, swallowing coming in fourth place. One study that evaluated quality of life related to swallowing after surgery, found that the main factors effecting the quality of life were “eating duration”, “problems chewing” and “food sticking in your mouth”. In the search for studies answering the question of what actions nursing staff can apply in caring of oral and oropharyngeal cancer patients with swallowing difficulties after surgery no relevant study was found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
oral cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, surgery, swallowing difficulties
Keyword [sv]
oral cancer, orofaryngeal cancer, kirurgi, sväljningssvårigheter
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-168213OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-168213DiVA: diva2:491052
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-02-14 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2012-02-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(279 kB)452 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 279 kBChecksum SHA-512
a08b7139822b9785e45a4ae2cbb5a0a80f91bfc143cddd672e61f2130892c53a0e95e7ebcb850e9d82f0b3e48d1e322dc9fdac7419b9038c9d60ff0917223ee4
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 452 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 524 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf