Myonuclear Organization and Regulation of Muscle Contraction in Single Muscle Fibres: Effects of Ageing, Gender, Species, Endocrine Factors and Muscle Size
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The skeletal muscle fibre is a syncitium where each myonucleus regulates the gene products in a finite volume of cytoplasm i.e., the myonuclear domain (MND). A novel image analysis algorithm applied to confocal images, analyzing MND size and myonuclear spatial distribution in 3-dimensions in single skeletal muscle fibres has been used in this project. The goal was to explore the modulation of myonuclei count and MND size in response to muscle adaptation processes. The effects of ageing, gender, hormones, muscle hypertrophy and body size were investigated on MND size.
A strong linear relationship was found between MND size and body size in the muscle fibres from mammals representing a 100,000-fold difference in body size. Independent of species, MND size was highly dependent on MyHC isoform type and mitochondrial contents of skeletal muscle fibres. In hypertrophic mice, a significant effect of MND size on specific force and myosin content was observed. This effect was muscle fibre type-specific and shows that the bigger MNDs in fast-twitch EDL muscle fibres are optimally tuned for force production while smaller MNDs in slow-twitch soleus muscle fibres have a much more dynamic range of hypertrophy without functional compromise. This indicates a critical volume individual myonuclei can support efficiently for a proportional gain in muscle fibre force and size. In human muscle fibres, spatial organization of myonuclei was affected by both ageing and MyHC isoform expression. In fibres expressing type I MyHC isoform, an increased MND size variability and myonuclear aggregates were observed in old age although average MND size was unchanged. In contrast, in type IIa fibres, the average MND size was smaller reflecting smaller size of muscle fibres. Those changes may influence the transcriptional activity per myonucleus and/or local cooperatively of myonuclei in a gender and muscle fibre-type specific manner. Finally, hormone replacement therapy was shown to negate menopause-related functional impairment in skeletal muscle fibres. The positive effect on force was due to quantitative effect in fibres expressing fast myosin isoform while the effect was both quantitative and qualitative in fibres expressing slow myosin isoform. The effect on MND size was fibre type dependent and was achieved by significantly reducing domain size in slow- but not the fast-twitch muscle fibres.
Together, our data suggest that modulation of myonuclei count and MND size is a mechanism contributing to remodelling of skeletal muscle in muscle adaptation process. These findings should be considered when developing therapeutic approaches towards restoring muscle mass and strength in muscle wasting conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2012. , 62 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 737
single muscle cells, muscle nuclei, specific force, species, hypertrophy, mammals, ageing, gender
Research subject Physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-167723ISBN: 978-91-554-8264-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-167723DiVA: diva2:487900
2012-03-15, Hedstrandsalen, Ingång 70, bv,AS Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
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