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Erfarenheter av stöd hos unga som genomgår cancerbehandling
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The experiences of support among young people going through cancer treatment (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att drabbas av cancer är en mycket genomgripande upplevelse i livet och då särskilt för unga som genomgår stora omställningar med utveckling av den egna identiteten. Denna utveckling sker i samspel med omgivningen samtidigt som de genomgår en frigörelseprocess från föräldrarna. En cancerdiagnos kan innebära att mognadsprocessen försvåras med risk för isolering i det dagliga livet från såväl närstående som nära vänner. Behovet av stöd kan därför vara omfattande för unga personer som samtidigt som de är unga är på väg in i vuxenlivet. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa vilka erfarenheter av stöd ungdomar och unga vuxna har när de genomgår behandling för cancer. Elva vetenskapliga artiklar analyserades utifrån syftet och resultatet visade att de unga ser familjen, vännerna, gruppstöd och sjuksköterskan som viktiga källor till stöd. De viktigaste erfarenheterna som de unga framhöll var att familj och vänner ska behandla dem som innan de fick sin cancerdiagnos. De önskar även att omvårdnaden genomförs med särskild hänsyn till deras specifika situation som unga individer och att kontakten med vardagen underlättas. De unga framhöll vikten av en ungdomlig atmosfär även i vuxenvården med en ungdomsanpassad miljö som underlättar kontakten med familj och vänner liksom vikten av lättförståelig och åldersanpassad information. Ungas specifika situation och behov av stöd vid vård av cancer behöver synliggöras i utbildning och forskning.

Abstract [en]

To be struck with cancer is a very profound experience in life, particularly to the young individuals who are undergoing major transitions in the development of their identity. This development works in harmony with their surroundings concurrently while they are undergoing a process of emancipation from their parents. A cancer diagnosis can mean that the maturation process is hampered by the risk of isolation in daily life from both relatives as well as close friends. The need for support can be substantial for young people since they are young but also on their way into adulthood. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the experience of support that adolescents and young adults have while undergoing treatment for cancer. Eleven research articles were analyzed according to the purpose and the result showed that young people see family, friends, group support and the nurse as important sources of support. The most important experiences that the young people pointed out were that family and friends should treat them like before they got their cancer diagnose. They also had a wish that their care should be carried out with particular regard to the specific situation they are in and also that their contact with everyday life is facilitated. The young people also pointed out the importance of a youthful atmosphere in the adult care with an environment that is adjusted for young people, which will facilitate contact with family and friends, and also comprehensive and age-appropriate information. Young people's specific situation and needs for support when receiving treatment for cancer should be made visible in education and research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, cancer, experience, support
Keyword [sv]
Cancer, erfarenheter, stöd, ungdom
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-17078OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-17078DiVA: diva2:487547
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-02-01 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2012-02-01Bibliographically approved

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