FDI Inflows to Sweden: Consequences for Innovation and Renewal
2005 (English)Report (Other academic)
FDI inflows have expanded rapidly during the past decade. This paper analyses if such inflows dointroduce new characteristics of the innovation systems at national and regional levels. The paperstudies two phenomena. First, what novelties are brought into the host region (country) when FDIinflows occur? Second, what are the consequences for the innovation intensity, technology transferand economic performance of firms in a regional (national) economy that experiences FDI inflows?These issues are assessed by examining the characteristics of foreign multinationals and comparingthem with the characteristics of multinational, uninational and non-affiliate firms, respectively. Theanalyses control for location, examine regional impacts, and are based on CIS data (CommunityInnovation Survey III). The paper contributes to earlier studies in two important ways. First, itcompares FDI firms with three other distinct types of corporate structure. Second, it combines resultsfrom both parametric and non-parametric estimations. The results indicate that FDI inflows in anunambiguous way renew the local economy when acquiring or replacing domestic multi-unit firms(uninationals). Compared to other types of corporate structure, FDI firms do not seem to improveinnovation characteristics of the local economy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CESIS, KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2005. , 32 p.
CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, 36
FDI, technology transfer, innovation, regional economy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-72391OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-72391DiVA: diva2:487544
QC 201202082012-02-082012-01-312014-09-26Bibliographically approved