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Sjuksköterskans interventioner och dess effekter vid diabetesrelaterade fotsår: En litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing interventions and its effects in diabetes-related foot ulcers : Literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fotsår är en vanlig komplikation vid diabetes typ 2. För att minska risken för fotsår och amputationer ska sjuksköterskan med hjälp av styrdokument och lagar arbeta tillsammans med personen för en bättre vård. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskeledda fotvårdsinterventioner och dess effekter för personer med diabetes typ 2. Metod: Studien är gjord som en litteraturstudie med elva vetenskapliga originalartiklar. Resultat: Resultatet utgår ifrån tre huvudkategorier. Dessa var Sjuksköterskans olika interventioner vid fotvård, där sjuksköterskans olika interventioner i arbetet mot att förhindra fotsår hos personer med diabetes typ 2 beskrivs i samtal och undersökning. Primära effekter av interventioner, där vikten av kunskap gällande sjukdomen och vikten av stöd i vardagen beskrivs. Samt Sekundära effekter av interventioner, som beskriver hur personerna kan undvika komplikationer och öka livskvaliteten. Diskussion: Utifrån resultatet framkom tre fynd. Dessa var Brist på fotundersökningar, då brister fanns gällande fotundersökningar inom vården. En utbildning passar inte alla, varje människa är unik och tar åt sig av information på olika sätt. Samt Delaktighet i vården, då relevansen för personens engagemang och delaktighet i vården lyfts fram. Slutsats: Genom att individualisera vården och öka kunskapen hos personer med diabetes typ 2 kan komplikationer undvikas och känsla av hälsa infinna sig.

Abstract [en]

Background: Foot ulcers are a common complication of type 2-diabetes.To reduce the risk of foot ulcers and amputations should the nurse with the help of policy documents and laws, work with the person for a better health care. Purpose: To describe the nurse-led foot care interventions and its effect for people with type 2-diabetes. Method: The study is designed as a literature review with eleven original scientific articles. Results: The result is based on three main categories. These were The nurse's various interventions in foot care, where the nurse's various interventions in the work to prevent foot ulcers in people with type 2-diabetes are described in conversations and examinations. Primary effects of interventions, which describes the importance of knowledge regarding the disease and the importance of support in everyday life. And Secondary effects of interventions, which describes how people can avoid complications and improve quality of life. Discussion: Based on the results three key findings were revealed. These were Lack of examinations, where deficiencies existed regarding foot examinations in health care. An education is not for everyone, each person is unique and learning in different ways. And Participation in care, the relevance of personal commitment and involvement in health care are highlighted. Conclusion: By individualize the care and to increase the knowledge in people with type 2-diabetes, complications can be avoided and the feeling of health can appear.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Diabetes, Nurse, Foot Ulcers, Intervention, Neuropathy
Keyword [sv]
Diabetes, Sjuksköterska, Fotsår, Intervention, Neuropati
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8953OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-8953DiVA: diva2:487473
Subject / course
Miscellaneous
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-02-01 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2012-02-01Bibliographically approved

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