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Att skapa gemensam förståelse: en komparativ fallstudie av två samtal mellan blissande och talande ungdomar
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Kommunikation och interaktion är viktigt för att utveckla både språklig och social kompetens. Barn som använder alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation (AKK) får dock inte alltid samma möjligheter som talande barn att kommunicera. Speciellt svårt kan det vara att interagera och därigenom skapa relationer med jämnåriga. Det övergripande syftet med denna studie var att studera samtal mellan jämnåriga, speciellt hur de bygger upp och upprätthåller gemensam förståelse i samtal. Studien innefattade två unga pojkar som på grund av cerebral pares (CP) saknade talförmåga och därför använde bliss som AKK. De filmades under ett samtal med varsin klasskamrat. En samtalsanalytisk metod (conversation analysis, CA) användes för att identifiera mönster i interaktionen och analysera deltagarnas strategier för att etablera gemensam förståelse. De strategier som användes visade sig vara tolkningsförslag, följdfrågor, formuleringar och reparationer. Strategierna användes främst vid responspunkter efter blissyttranden, men reparationer förekom även under konstruktionen av yttranden. Analysen visade också att förståelsestrategier ibland saknades i det ena samtalet vilket då ledde till att samtalet stannade av. De talande tog större delen av ansvaret för förståelsearbetet i båda samtalen, men även de blissande pojkarna var delaktiga. Sammantaget visade analysen att samtal med AKK kan se mycket olika ut. Vilka strategier deltagarna använde sig av för att etablera gemensam förståelse var av stor betydelse i båda samtalen. Det krävdes att alla samtalsdeltagare var engagerade i förståelsearbetet för att samtalet inte skulle avstanna.

Abstract [en]

Communication and interaction are important parts in developing both linguistic and social skills. Children who uses augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) may not always have the same opportunities as talking children to communicate. It can be especially difficult to interact and thereby create relationships with peers. The aim of this study was to explore conversations between peers, more specifically in which ways they establish and maintain common understanding in the conversation. Participants in the study were two young boys with cerebral palsy (CP) causing non-intelligible speech, and therefore using blissymbolics as their AAC. The boys were videotaped during a conversation with a classmate. A Conversation Analysis method (CA) were used to identify patterns in the interaction, and to analyze the participants' strategies to establish common understanding. Strategies used were suggestions of interpretation, following up-questions, formulations and reparations. The strategies were most used in transition-relevance places, but reparations could also be found during the creation of blissymbolic utterances. The analysis also found that understanding-oriented strategies sometimes were missing in one of the conversations, which led to breakdown in the conversation. The talking individuals were responsible for establishing common understanding in the major part of both conversations, but the boys using blissymbolics did not leave the responsibility entirely to them. In total the analysis showed that conversations with AAC can differ in many ways. Which strategies the participants used to establish common understanding were of great importance in both conversations. Every participant in the conversation were obliged to engage in creating common understanding in order to not lead the conversation to a breakdown.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), blissymbolics, conversation analysis (CA), cerebral palsy (CP), common understanding, understanding-oriented strategies
Keyword [sv]
alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation (AKK), bliss, conversation analysis (CA), cerebral pares (CP), förståelsestrategier, gemensam förståelse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-167325Archive number: 057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-167325DiVA: diva2:483895
Subject / course
Speech and Language Pathology
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2012-01-25 Last updated: 2012-01-26Bibliographically approved

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