Effects of Clinical Pharmacists' Interventions: on Drug-Related Hospitalisation and Appropriateness of Prescribing in Elderly Patients
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate clinical pharmacist interventions with the focus on methods aiming to improve the quality of drug therapy and increase patient safety. Adverse drug events caused by medication errors, suboptimal dosages and inappropriate prescribing are common causes of drug-related morbidity and mortality. Clinical pharmacists integrated in multi-professional health-care teams are increasingly addressing these issues. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of clinical pharmacists’ interventions in reducing morbidity and use of hospital care for patients 80 years or older. The results showed that the intervention group had fewer visits to hospital and that the intervention was cost-effective. In a subsequent study based on the population in the RCT, the appropriateness of prescribing was assessed using three validated tools. The results indicated improved appropriateness of prescribing for the intervention group as a result of the intervention. The tools and the number of drugs at discharge were then tested for validity in terms of causal links between the scores at discharge and hospitalisation. No clear correlations between high scores for the tools or a high number of drugs and increased risk of hospitalisation could be detected. During the inclusion period of the RCT a survey based study was conducted where the perceived value of ward-based clinical pharmacists, from the perspective of hospital-based physicians and nurses as well as from general practitioners (GPs) was evaluated. The respondents were positive to the new collaboration to a high degree and stated increased patient safety and improvements in patients’ drug therapy as the main advantages. In the last study the frequency and severity of prescription and transcription errors, when patients enrolled in the multidose-dispensed medications (MDD) system are discharged from hospital, was investigated. The results showed that errors frequently occur when MDD patients are hospitalised.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2012. , 58 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 154
Drug-related problems, medication review, appropriateness of prescribing, quality of prescribing, hospitalisation, pharmacist, clinical pharmacy, inter-professional relationships, collaboration, medication error, medication reconciliation, multidose-dispensed medications, prescription errors, transition of care
Social and Clinical Pharmacy
Research subject Pharmaceutical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-167343ISBN: 978-91-554-8262-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-167343DiVA: diva2:483737
2012-03-09, B:8, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Kayser, Steven, Professor emeritus, Associate Dean for Global Affairs
Hammarlund-Udenaes, Margareta, ProfessorMörlin, Claes, DocentMelhus, Håkan, Professor
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