Moderna svenska individer: Lösningar och problembilder i beskrivningar av ESF-projekt
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
The Swedish ESF-council gives economic support to projects that aim at increasing job opportunities, advancing equality between women and men and improving social cohesion. The present report investigates project applications and scrutinizes the solutions to social and political problems that are put forward in applications that have received funding from the council. Theories of gender and intersectionality are drawn upon and the perspective is influenced by Carol Bacchis WPR-approach. The presupposition of this approach is that by pinpointing solutions, the underlying representation of what is regarded as the problem can be displayed. The present results indicate that representations based on the liberal idea of the ”individual”, as well ideas of gender neutrality and conceptions linking modernity to Swedish ethnicity are predominant in the applications. These three themes are explicated in the report. It is argued that when the “individual” is put forward as normative ideal rationality and the ability to choose, as well as independence and self-assurance, are positioned as values that can solve problems of social exclusion and unemployment. Furthermore, gender neutrality is represented as a question of successfully safeguarding equal numbers and equal treatment of women and men in the projects. The underlying presumption is that this guarantees that no discrimination or inequality will occur. The final theme spells out how modernity and Swedish identity are linked together and in certain cases seen as a solution to social exclusion. The argument here is that this runs the risk of representing ethnicity as the explanation and possible justification of discriminatory and exclusionary practices. The concluding remarks stress the importance of measures that can enhance awareness of the unnoticed ideals and social norms that characterize problem representations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. , 29 p.
Temagruppen integration i arbetslivet, 2011:4
Social fund, gender, intersectionality, WPR-approach, problem representation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-74348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-74348DiVA: diva2:483249