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Namibian Student's Time Perspective: Investigating TP Comparing ZTPI Scores and Conducting Focus Groups
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study examines cultural differences in time perspective (TP). Two groups of psychology students were compared using the Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI). One group was Swedish (n=125) and the other was Namibian (n=105). Students from Namibia also participated in focus groups discussing aspects affecting their TP. Results show Swedish students are more past positive, less past negative, less present hedonistic, less present fatalistic and less future negative compared to Namibian students. Focus groups findings reveal that economic aspects are important to the Namibian students view of the past and the future. They believe it is not possible to have a positive past or future if basic needs, like food and shelter, are not met. Other important aspects include family and freedom. The students also discuss the importance of finding a balance between appreciating the present and investing in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Time Perspective, TP, Time, Sweden, Namibia, Culture, Cross Cultural, Developing Country, Students, Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, S-ZTPI, Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, ZTPI, Focus Group, Survey, Mixed Method, Psychology
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-74314ISRN: LIU-IBL/PY-D—11/311—SEOAI: diva2:482785
Subject / course
Master Thesis in Psychologist Programme
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2012-01-24 Created: 2012-01-24 Last updated: 2012-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Department of Behavioural Sciences and LearningFaculty of Arts and Sciences

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