Heterogeneity among RIP-Tag2 insulinomas allows vascular endothelial growth factor-A independent tumor expansion as revealed by studies in Shb mutant mice: implications for tumor angiogenesis
2012 (English)In: Molecular Oncology, ISSN 1574-7891, Vol. 6, no 3, 333-346 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Shb adapter protein is a signaling intermediate that operates downstream of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) in endothelial cells. The Shb knockout mouse displays a dysfunctional microvasculature and impaired growth of subcutaneously implanted tumor cells. We decided to investigate tumor growth and angiogenesis in the absence of Shb in an inheritable tumor model, the RIP-Tag2 mouse, which produces insulinomas in a manner highly dependent on de novo angiogenesis. We observed a reduced tumor incidence and burden in both RIP-Tag2 Shb-/- and RIP-Tag2 Shb+/- mice. This correlated with a reduced microvascular density, measured as percentage of insulinoma area positive for CD31 staining, and altered vascular morphology. However, treatment with a VEGF-A blocking antibody was without effect on the Shb mutant tumor volume whereas it significantly inhibited tumor volume in the wild-type mice, suggesting that in mice with reduced Shb expression tumor angiogenesis was primarily sustained by VEGF-A independent pathway(s). This notion was further substantiated by gene expression analysis of angiogenic markers showing reduced VEGF-A expression in Shb deficient tumors. Considerable heterogeneity with respect to the gene expression profiles of other angiogenic markers and the signal-transduction characteristics was observed between different tumors, suggesting that multiple “rescue” pathways could be operating. The numbers of invasive tumors or metastases were unchanged in the Shb mutant. It is concluded that the Shb mutant background reduces tumor frequency by chronically suppressing VEGF-A dependent angiogenesis. However, VEGF-A independent angiogenesis supports a significant degree of tumor expansion in Shbdeficient mice, indicating heterogeneity in the mechanisms by which tumor expansion is promoted. Interference with Shb signaling may provide novel means for future cancer therapy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 6, no 3, 333-346 p.
insulinomas, Shb, angiogenesis, VEGF
Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-167253DOI: 10.1016/j.molonc.2012.01.006ISI: 000305374900007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-167253DiVA: diva2:482453