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Motiv till spel om pengar på internet och skillnader mellan problemspelare och icke-problemspelare.: en litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Internet gambling motives and differences among problem gamblers and non-problem gamblers : a systematic review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Trots att spel har positiva effekter på majoriteten av alla spelare har en till fem procent av befolkningen i varje land runtom i världen spelproblem. Detta folkhälsoproblem medför hälsomässiga, ekonomiska och/eller sociala negativa konsekvenser. I Sverige utgör främst män med låg utbildning och inkomst i åldersgruppen 18-24 år riskgruppen. Ett skäl till varför problemspelandet ökat på senare år är att allt fler spelare väljer internet som spelplattform där de flesta av problemspelarna befinner sig. Motiverande samtal och kognitiv beteendeterapi är två metoder som använts vid preventiva åtgärder mot spelproblem. Syftet med studien var att beskriva motiven till varför människor spelar om pengar på internet samt undersöka skillnaderna i motiv mellan problemspelare och icke-problemspelare. Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes och tio vetenskapliga artiklar hittades i databaserna Pubmed, PsycINFO, Academic Search Elite och SciVerse Science Direct. Data bearbetades genom temaanalys. Resultatet visade att spelandets ekonomiska möjligheter, chans till anonymitet, kontroll över sociala interaktioner, bekvämlighet och flexibilitet i spelandet, emotionella tillstånd styr spelandet samt omgivningens påverkan utgjorde sex teman som beskrev motiven till spel om pengar på internet. Problemspelare beskrev i större utsträckning spelandets ekonomiska möjligheter, negativa emotionella tillstånd styr spelandet och chans till anonymitet som viktigaste motiven jämfört med icke-problemspelare som beskrev bekvämlighet och flexibilitet i spelandet och att positiva emotionella tillstånd styr spelandet som viktiga motiv. Implikation: Då spel om pengar på internet är ett relativt nytt fenomen som fortsätter att växa behövs vidare forskning som tydliggör om motiven skiljer sig åt hos specifika grupper i samhället med syfte att individanpassa interventionsprogram. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Although gambling has positive outcomes on the majority of the gamblers, one to five percent of the populations in each country around the world are problem gamblers. This public health issue gives healthy, economics and/or social negative consequences. The Swedish group with most risk for problem gambling is men with low education and income between the years 18-24. One reason to the progress of problem gambling is that more and more players choose Internet, where most problem gamblers exist. Motivational Interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy are two methods which have been used as preventive measures against problem gambling. The aim of this study was to describe Internet gambling motives and examine differences in motives among problem gamblers and non-problem gamblers. Method: A literature review was made and ten peer reviewed articles was found in the databases Pubmed, PsycINFO, Academic Search Elite and SciVerse Science Direct. Data was processed through theme-analyze. The result showed that economic opportunities, chance to be anonymous, control of social interactions, convenience and flexibility in gambling, emotional state control gambling and the surrounding context as motive formed six themes in which the motives for gambling on Internet are presented. Problem gamblers were more likely to report economic opportunities, negative emotional state control gambling and chance to be anonymous as special important motives than non-problem gamblers, who preferred convenience and flexibility and positive emotional state control gambling as important motives. Implication: Internet gambling is a relatively new phenomenon which continues to grow; more research about differences in motives between specifically populations is needed to make it easier to create intervention programs which match each problem gambler.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Gambling, Internet, Motives, Problem Gambling
Keyword [sv]
Internet, Motiv, Spel om pengar, Spelproblem
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-16993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-16993DiVA: diva2:482152
Subject / course
Public Health
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-23 Last updated: 2012-01-31Bibliographically approved

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