Catchment factors affecting particle and phosphorus retention in constructed wetlands receiving agricultural runoff
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Eight agricultural catchments in south Sweden were investigated for factors that may affect phosphorus (P) load and retention in the downstream situated wetlands (WL). P load is known to affect retention, and is determined by hydrological and geographical catchment characteristics. The wetlands were small (0.02-0.88%) in relation to their catchments (CA) and varied in design. Net sedimentation and P retention was determined with sedimentation plates during one year. The variables that best explained differences in particles and TP retention were the hydraulic load (q), TP load and the wetland length to width ratio. Contrary to expectations there was no correlation between factors that could be associated with erosion (i.e. slope and soil clay content) and retention of neither particles nor TP. Generally, the highest amounts of settled particles and P were found close to the wetland inlets, but soil disturbance (i.e. tillage) and high q increased the settling distance. It was likely that the smallest clay particles were too unaggregated to settle within these wetlands. Factors not included, such as wetland vegetation and bioturbation may have a large impact on P retention and this should be further investigated. The study also points to the difficulties in scaling down geological and P loss data from a regional to a local scale, as there can be large local deviations from the regional standard values. An easy method for identification of local “hotspots” for P losses should be of value for planning the location of future wetlands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 23 p.
Agricultural runoff, Catchment characteristics, Clay, Constructed wetlands, GIS, Phosphorus retention
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-74262ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--11/2451--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-74262DiVA: diva2:481846
Subject / course
UppsokLife Earth Science
Tonderski, Karin, Associate Professor
Bergman, Karl-Olof, Associate Professor