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Comparison of high-speed train market between Spain and Sweden.: Madrid-Barcelona vs Stockholm-Copenhagen.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this work, several aspects have been studied and compared between Spain and Sweden in

what respects to planned and existing High-Speed (HS) line, respectively: Stockholm-

Malmö/Copenhagen and Madrid-Barcelona AVE.

Population aspects have been studied with the result of a big difference between both

corridors; however, it has been also found out that the impact of the lower populated Swedish

cities along the corridor is not as negative as it is expected because of the regional and

medium distance service that the new HS line will provide. In relation with the economic

aspects, although indexes like GPD and income per inhabitant are similar along both

corridors, the service sector is more developed along the Swedish HS line. This results in a

better predisposition of the Swedish regions to take advantage from the HS.

On the other hand, it has been realized a study about the Spanish AVE supply along the

corridor, analysing it from before the HS stars up to nowadays, paying special attention to its

competition with the plane. According to the studied data, the high speed became the railway

from an obsolete mode of transport into a competitive one along the corridor, competing

directly versus the plane.

The research about the previous situation of the Spanish corridor before the HS and the

research made on the Swedish current scenario, involving the reason that brought Spain to the

construction, have been analyzed and concluded that the picture in both countries was and is

different between each other; both in the previous conditions of the track and the supply

intentions toward the future.

Both in the Spanish and Swedish corridor, a comparison based on the transport variables:

cost, time, accessibility, comfort and frequency have been done attending three different

passenger profiles: business, leisure and low-fare. The results from the Swedish cases: current

line and future HS, show some changes of the different modes suitability, where the train goes

from the second place to the first one.

Besides, a simple accessibility analysis on the southern main Swedish railway line has been

carried out in order to see how the HS will change accessibility. They show that the line will

reinforce the north/south connection and substantially increase the accessibility in some

regional centres. Finally, in order to complete the future impact of the high speed in Sweden,

several international experiences from well establish high speed lines have been gathered and

compared with the Swedish scenario.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 124 p.
TSC-MT, 11-012
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-59680OAI: diva2:476057
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11

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