Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
In this work, several aspects have been studied and compared between Spain and Sweden in
what respects to planned and existing High-Speed (HS) line, respectively: Stockholm-
Malmö/Copenhagen and Madrid-Barcelona AVE.
Population aspects have been studied with the result of a big difference between both
corridors; however, it has been also found out that the impact of the lower populated Swedish
cities along the corridor is not as negative as it is expected because of the regional and
medium distance service that the new HS line will provide. In relation with the economic
aspects, although indexes like GPD and income per inhabitant are similar along both
corridors, the service sector is more developed along the Swedish HS line. This results in a
better predisposition of the Swedish regions to take advantage from the HS.
On the other hand, it has been realized a study about the Spanish AVE supply along the
corridor, analysing it from before the HS stars up to nowadays, paying special attention to its
competition with the plane. According to the studied data, the high speed became the railway
from an obsolete mode of transport into a competitive one along the corridor, competing
directly versus the plane.
The research about the previous situation of the Spanish corridor before the HS and the
research made on the Swedish current scenario, involving the reason that brought Spain to the
construction, have been analyzed and concluded that the picture in both countries was and is
different between each other; both in the previous conditions of the track and the supply
intentions toward the future.
Both in the Spanish and Swedish corridor, a comparison based on the transport variables:
cost, time, accessibility, comfort and frequency have been done attending three different
passenger profiles: business, leisure and low-fare. The results from the Swedish cases: current
line and future HS, show some changes of the different modes suitability, where the train goes
from the second place to the first one.
Besides, a simple accessibility analysis on the southern main Swedish railway line has been
carried out in order to see how the HS will change accessibility. They show that the line will
reinforce the north/south connection and substantially increase the accessibility in some
regional centres. Finally, in order to complete the future impact of the high speed in Sweden,
several international experiences from well establish high speed lines have been gathered and
compared with the Swedish scenario.
2011. , 124 p.