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Nyutbildade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av sin första tid i yrket samt om utbildningen upplevs ge en tillräcklig förberedelse: en intervjustudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Undersöka hur nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor upplever sin första yrkesverksamma tid och om utbildningen upplevs ge en tillräcklig förberedelse inför yrket.

Metod: En deskriptiv kvalitativ studie. Åtta sjuksköterskor som arbetat mellan åtta och 18 månader på en medicinsk avdelning intervjuades med semistrukturerade frågor. Alla var kvinnor och i åldrarna 24-36 år. Analysmetoden som användes var kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Det upplevs som en stor omställning att börja arbeta som sjuksköterska. Det var mycket nytt att lära och de upplevde yrket som ansvarsfullt, vilket kunde kännas skrämmande. Successivt upplevde de att de blev tryggare i sin roll. Upplevelser av skräck och osäkerhet inför att börja arbeta var vanliga men arbetskamraterna upplevdes vara ett stort stöd. Att börja arbeta möttes med blandade känslor och den grundläggande omvårdnaden upplevdes vara det lättaste. Det som upplevdes vara mest relevant från utbildningen var kurserna med medicinskt innehåll inklusive den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen. Det sjuksköterskorna upplevde var mindre relevant i utbildningen var den vetenskapliga metodiken samt pedagogikkurserna.

Slutsats: Det kan upplevas vara en stor omställning att gå från student till legitimerad sjuksköterska och möts ofta med blandade känslor. Det finns flera delar i utbildningen som skulle kunna omarbetas för att bättre förbereda sjuksköterskan inför yrket.

Abstract [en]

Aim: Investigate newly graduated nurses experiences of their first period as nurses and if the education are perceived to provide a sufficient preparation for the nursing profession.

Method: Descriptive qualitative study. Eight registered nurses who had worked between eight and 18 months at a medical ward were interviewed using semi-structured questions. All participants were female in the ages between 24-36 years. The analytical method used was qualitative content analysis.

Results: It’s perceived as a major adjustment beginning to work as a nurse. There were many new things to learn and they perceived the profession as a great responsibility, which could be frightening. Gradually they experienced that they became more comfortable in their role. Experiences of fear and uncertainty were common before starting their work but their colleagues were a great support. Starting to work was met with mixed emotions and the basic nursing care was perceived to be the easiest thing. The courses with medical content and the clinical education were perceived to be relevant during the education. They felt that the scientific methodology and the pedagogical courses were less relevant.

Conclusion: Going from student to registered nurse could be perceived as a big adjustment and is often met with mixed emotions. There are several elements in the education that could be revised to better prepare nurses for the profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
knowledge, newly registered nurses, experiences, competence
Keyword [sv]
kunskap, nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor, upplevelser, kompetens
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166302OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-166302DiVA: diva2:475985
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11 Last updated: 2012-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Nyutbildade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av sin första tid i yrket samt om utbildningen upplevs ge en tillräcklig förberedelse: en intervjustudie(240 kB)315 downloads
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