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Glukos som smärtlindringsmetod vid vaccinering av 18 månader gamla barn
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om oral administrering av två milliliter 30 % glukos har någon smärtlindrande effekt vid vaccination mot mässling, påssjuka och röda hund [MPR]. Metod: Urvalsgruppen bestod av 18 månader gamla barn som besökte Samariterhemmet- och Eriksbergs barnavårdcentral (interventionsgrupp) eller Flogsta barnavårdcentral (kontrollgrupp) för en 18-månaderskontroll och MPR-vaccination under tiden för studien. Totalt deltog 24 barn, interventionsgruppen bestod av 14 barn och kontrollgruppen bestod av 10 barn. Studien har genomförts med en kvantitativ, kvasi-experimentell design. Vid observation av deltagarna mättes skriktid samt föräldrarnas upplevelse av barnets smärta. Resultat: Vid mätning av skriktid kunde inte två milliliter 30 % glukos ses ha någon analgetisk effekt i samband med procedurrelaterad smärta. Föräldrarna i interventionsgruppen skattade sina barns smärta högre än de i kontrollgruppen. Slutsats: Då ingen analgetisk effekt utav två milliliter 30 % glukos till 18 månader gamla barn har kunnat påvisas stödjer denna studie inte att glukos som smärtlindringsmetod implementeras vid procedurrelaterad smärta i åldersgruppen. Studien har dock sina begränsningar då studiegruppen var liten och 8 av 10 deltagare i kontrollgruppen fick ett annat typ av vaccin. Detta vaccin (Priorix) anses orsaka mindre smärta än det vaccin som gavs till de övriga deltagarna (MMR-II).

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral administration of two milliliters of 30 % glucose have an analgesic effect during vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella in 18-month-old children. Method: The sample group consisted of 18-month-old children who had their 18-month visit at Samariterhemmet or Eriksberg’s healthcare center (intervention group) or Flogsta healthcare center (control group) during the period of the study. The total amount of participants was 24 children; 14 children in the intervention group were observed at Samariterhemmet and Erikbergs healthcare center and 10 children were observed in the control group at Flogsta healthcare center. The study was conducted as a quantitative quasi-experimental study. During the visits the duration of the child’s crying/screaming and the parents’ perception of their child’s pain were observed and noted. Results: When measuring the duration of the child’s crying/screaming, two milliliters of 30 % glucose could not be considered to have any analgesic effect on procedure-related pain. Parents in the study group perceived their children as having more pain than the parents in the control group. Conclusion: Since this study could not show any positive analgesic effect attributed to the administration of 30 % glucose in 18-month-old children this procedure cannot be recommended for this age group. However, this study has its limitations, the low amount of participants should be considered and also the fact that eight out of ten children in the control group received a different type of vaccine (Priorix) than the rest of the sample group (MMR-II). This vaccine has been found to cause less pain than MMR-II.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 33 p.
Keyword [sv]
Glukos, smärtlindring, barn, vaccination, 18 månader.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-166058DiVA: diva2:475263
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-12 Created: 2012-01-10 Last updated: 2012-01-12Bibliographically approved

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