Livsstilsförändringar och livskvalitet hos patienter med hjärt-kärlsjukdom: Litteraturstudie
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
In Sweden and Northern Europe, cardiovascular disease mortality rates are high. The clinical picture in the Western world is dominated by lifestyle diseases in which individual behavior and attitudes have a significant impact on the health effect. In the society cardiovascular disease is seen as an illness factor and contribution to disability. Conditions for a good life are not only good health also factors such as intimate relationships and meaningful work which affect the person's quality of life.
Lifestyle changes and quality of life for patients, regarding cardiovascular disease.
A literature review was made. Eight articles, quantitative and qualitative were analyzed. The analysis revealed three themes and four subthemes.
Through interventions bodily- and behavioral change occurred, for example weightloss, better cholesterol- and bloodpressure levels and increased physical activity. Respondents also had better quality of life. Great importance was laid on education and information about different lifestyle changes. On the contrary, the nursing staff was careless with the documentation.
Lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation, increased physical activity, reducing obesity and improving dietary habits and psychosocial factors such as reduced stress and depression, have a positive impact on the health of cardiovascular disease. Because these changes should not affect patients' quality of life, the nurse's communication and information are important. It's also important to combine good lifestyle changes with good quality of life, as adherence then is better. The nurse has to consider the patients whole life situation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 17 p.
Cardiovascular disease, Lifestyle changes, Quality of life
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3960OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-3960DiVA: diva2:473437
Subject / course