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Postoperativ smärta och illamående vid behandling med Dolcontin/Depolan/Morfin och Oxycontin/Oxynorm: En jämförande studie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att jämföra graden av smärta och illamående hos två patientgrupper inom ortopedi som smärtlindrades med tablett Dolcontin/Depolan/Morfin eller tablett Oxycontin/Oxynorm postoperativt dag 0, 1 och 2. Syftet var även att undersöka vilka riskfaktorer enligt Apfel Risk Score som kan påverka grad av illamående samt att undersöka om en korrelation fanns mellan preoperativ information och incidensen av postoperativt illamående och kräkning (PONV).

Metod: En komparativ studie med kvantitativ ansats. Data samlades in genom två olika enkäter, varav en enkät fylldes i av patienterna och en enkät av sjuksköterskorna. 48 patienter inkluderades i studien, 24 per substans. Både kvinnor och män som genomgått elektiva knä- eller höftarteroplastikoperationer deltog i studien och de var mellan 31-77 år. Mätinstrumentet som sjuksköterskorna använde sig av för att skatta smärta och illamående var visuell analog skala (VAS). Data analyserades i Statistic Package for the Social Science (SPSS) 10.1 med x2-test, oberoende t-test samt Mann-Whitney U-test.

Resultat: Resultatet i studien visade att inte fanns någon signifikant skillnad gällande smärta och de två substanserna. Det fanns en signifikant skillnad gällande illamående och de två substanserna. Inget signifikant samband påvisades mellan illamående och riskfaktorerna i Apfel Risk Score. Det fanns heller inget signifikant samband mellan incidensen av PONV och patientens upplevelse av att ha fått noggrann information preoperativt.

Slutsats: Då dokumentationen av smärta och illamående enligt VAS på sjuksköterskeenkäterna var bristfällig, kan inga säkra slutsatser dras. Mer forsknings krävs således inom detta område.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the rating of pain and nausea in two groups of patients in orthopedics that was pain relieved with tablet Dolcontin/Depolan/Morphine or tablet Oxycontin/Oxynorm postoperative day 0, 1 and 2. The aim was also to investigate the risk factors according to Apfel Risk Score that may affect the degree of nausea and to investigate whether a correlation existed between preoperative information and the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV).

Method: A comparative study with quantitative approach. Data were collected through two different questionnaires, one that was filled out by the patients and the other questionnaire by the nurses. The study included 48 patients, 24 per substance. Both men and women, between 31-77 years old, who would undergo elective knee or hip replacement surgery, participated in the study. The measuring instrument that the nurses used to estimate the pain and nausea were visual analogue scale (VAS). Data were analyzed in the Statistic Package for the Social Science (SPSS) 10.1 with the x2-test, independent t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test.

Results: The results of the study showed that there was no significant difference regarding pain and the two compounds. There was a significant difference regarding nausea and the two compounds. No significant correlation was found between nausea and the risk factors in the Apfel Risk Score. There was no significant correlation between the incidence of PONV and patient experience of receiving accurate information preoperatively.

Conclusion: As the documentation of pain and nausea according to VAS on the nursing surveys were poor, no firm conclusions can be drawn. Further studies are necessary to confirm the results of this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Postoperative nausea, postoperative pain, analgesics, orthopedic
Keyword [sv]
Postoperativt illamående, postoperativ smärta, smärtstillande läkemedel, ortopedi
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-165329OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-165329DiVA: diva2:472995
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-04 Last updated: 2012-01-09Bibliographically approved

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