The role of the spatial resolution of a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model for marine transport risk assessment
2011 (English)In: Oceanologia, ISSN 0078-3234, Vol. 53, no 1, 309-334 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The paper addresses the sensitivity of a novel method for quantifying the environmental risks associated with the current-driven transport of adverse impacts released from offshore sources (e.g. ship traffic) with respect to the spatial resolution of the underlying hydrodynamic model. The risk is evaluated as the probability of particles released in different sea areas hitting the coast and in terms of the time after which the hit occurs (particle age) on the basis of a statistical analysis of large sets of 10-day long Lagrangian trajectories calculated for 1987-1991 for the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea. The relevant 21) maps are calculated using the OAAS model with spatial resolutions of 2, 1 and 0.5 nautical miles (nm) and with identical initial, boundary and forcing conditions from the Rossby Centre 3D hydrodynamic model (RCO, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute). The spatially averaged values of the probability and particle age display hardly any dependence on the resolution. They both reach almost identical stationary levels (0.67-0.69 and ca 5.3 days respectively) after a few years of simulations. Also, the spatial distributions of the relevant fields are qualitatively similar for all resolutions. In contrast, the optimum locations for fairways depend substantially on the resolution, whereas the results for the 2 nm model differ considerably from those obtained using finer-resolution models. It is concluded that eddy-permitting models with a grid step exceeding half the local baroclinic Rossby radius are suitable for a quick check of whether or not any potential gain from this method is feasible, whereas higher-resolution simulations with eddy-resolving models are necessary for detailed planning. The asymptotic values of the average probability and particle age are suggested as an indicator of the potential gain from the method in question and also as a new measure of the vulnerability of the nearshore of water bodies to offshore traffic accidents.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 53, no 1, 309-334 p.
Ocean modelling, Environmental risks, Risk modelling, Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, Pollution propagation, Maritime spatial planning
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68386DOI: 10.5697/oc.53-1-TI.309ISI: 000292180200008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68386DiVA: diva2:472672
authorCount :42012-10-302012-01-032012-10-30Bibliographically approved