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Vid livets vägskäl: Sjuksköterskans arbete med suicidprevention för äldre individer
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
At life´s crossroad : Nurse’s work with suicideprevention for older individuals (English)
Abstract [sv]

Statistik visar att ungefär en äldre individ begår suicid varje dag. Sjuksköterskans möjligheter för att arbeta preventivt med äldre suicidala individer är goda så länge sjuksköterskan har kunskap om riskfaktorer, får gedigen utbildning och nyttjar bedömningsinstrument. Syftet med arbetet var att beskriva suicidprevention för äldre individer utifrån riskfaktorer för suicid bland äldre, sjuksköterskans kunskaper i det preventiva arbetet och hinder i sjuksköterskans preventiva arbete. Arbetet utfördes som en litteraturstudie där 15 vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut, granskades, analyserades samt kodades för att finna bakomliggande faktorer. De teman som uppkom vid granskning var riskfaktorer för suicid, sjuksköterskans hinder vid suicidprevention och utbildning för suicidprevention. Den i särklass största riskfaktorn för suicid bland äldre var depression. Utbildning om suicid och depression hos sjuksköterskor visade sig vara bristfällig, sjuksköterskorna var i behov av utbildning. Sjuksköterskor upplevde underbemanning och tidsbrist som ett hinder för suicidprevention. Vidare behövs mer utbildning om suicid och depression i sjuksköterskeutbildningen och i sjukvården. Forskningen bör fokusera på kvalitativa artiklar för att kunna utvärdera individers och sjuksköterskors känslor, tankar och upplevelser om suicid.

Abstract [en]

Statistics shows that nearly one elderly individual commits suicide every day. The nurse has great possibilities in the preventive work with elderly suicidal individuals, as long as the nurse has knowledge about risk factors, a solid education and the use of instruments for suicide assessment. The aim of the study was to describe the suicideprevention for eldery individuals by risk factors for suicide among the elderly, nurse’s knowledge in the preventive work and obstacles in nurse’s preventive work. The work was carried out as a literature study where 15 scientific articles were selected, examined, analyzed and coded in order to find underlying factors. The themes that occurred by the examined articles was suicidal risk factors, obstacles in nurse’s sucideprevention and education for suicideprevention. By far the most significant risk factor was depression for elderly suicidal individuals. Education in suicide and depression for nurses was shown to be deficient, the nurses needed education. Nurse’s experienced that understaffing and time constraint as an obstacle for suicideprevention. Furthermore there is a need for education about suicide and depression in nursing schools as well in nursing care. Researchers should focus more on qualitative articles to obtain individuals and nurse’s emotions, thoughts and experiences about suicide. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Aged, Depression, Elderly, Nurse, Suicide, Suicideprevention
Keyword [sv]
Depression, Sjuksköterska, Suicid, Suicidprevention, Äldre
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-16818OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-16818DiVA: diva2:469041
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-12-28 Created: 2011-12-22 Last updated: 2011-12-28Bibliographically approved

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Vid livets vägskäl(253 kB)385 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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